The Relation Between Family Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement in China: A Meta-analysis

Juan Liu, Peng Peng, Liang Luo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Academic achievement is one of the most important indicators for assessing students’ performance and educational attainment. Family socioeconomic status (SES) is the main factor influencing academic achievement, but the relation between SES and academic achievement may vary across different sociocultural contexts. China is the most populous developing country with a large number of schooling students in the basic education stage. Chinese schools are unified and managed by the Ministry of Education, but the central and local governments in accordance with their responsibilities share the investment of educational funds. However, the strength of the relation between SES and academic achievement and possible moderators of this relation remain unclear. Therefore, we conducted a meta-analysis on the relation between SES and academic achievement based on 215,649 students from 78 independent samples in the basic education stage from mainland China. The results indicated a moderate relation between SES and academic achievement (r = 0.243) in general. Moderation analyses indicated that the relation between SES and academic achievement gradually decreased in the past several decades; SES has a stronger correlation with language achievement (i.e., Chinese and English) than science/math achievement and general achievement. These findings were discussed from the perspective of governmental policies on education.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalEducational Psychology Review
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

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Social Class
Meta-Analysis
China
Education
Students
Local Government
Financial Management
Developing Countries
Language

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • Basic education
  • Family socioeconomic status (SES)
  • Mainland China
  • Meta-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

The Relation Between Family Socioeconomic Status and Academic Achievement in China : A Meta-analysis. / Liu, Juan; Peng, Peng; Luo, Liang.

In: Educational Psychology Review, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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