The receptor mechanisms underlying the disruptive effects of haloperidol and clozapine on rat maternal behavior

A double dissociation between dopamine D2 and 5-HT2A/2C receptors

Changjiu Zhao, Ming Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Many antipsychotic drugs disrupt active components of maternal behavior such as pup approach, pup retrieval and nest building at clinically relevant doses in postpartum female rats. However, the neurochemical mechanisms underlying such a disruptive effect remain to be determined. This study examined the neurochemical mechanisms that mediate the disruptive effects of haloperidol (a typical antipsychotic) and clozapine (an atypical antipsychotic) on rat maternal behavior. Postpartum rats were administered with haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg, sc) or clozapine (10.0 mg/kg, sc) together with either vehicle (saline or water), quinpirole (a selective dopamine D2/D3 agonist, 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg, sc), or 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo-amphetamine (DOI, a selective 5-HT2A/2C agonist, 1.0 or 2.5 mg/kg, sc), and their maternal behaviors were tested at different time points before and after drug administration. Haloperidol and clozapine treatment disrupted pup approach, pup retrieval, pup licking and nest building. Pretreatment of quinpirole, but not DOI, dose-dependently reversed the haloperidol-induced disruptions. In contrast, pretreatment of DOI, but not quinpirole, dose-dependently reversed the clozapine-induced disruptions. Quinpirole pretreatment even exacerbated the clozapine-induced disruption of pup retrieval and nest building. These findings suggest a double dissociation mechanism underlying the disruption of haloperidol and clozapine on rat maternal behavior. Specifically, haloperidol disrupts maternal behavior primarily by blocking dopamine D2 receptors, whereas clozapine exerts its disruptive effect primarily by blocking the 5-HT2A/2C receptors. Our findings also suggest that 5-HT receptors are involved in the mediation of rat maternal behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)433-442
Number of pages10
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume93
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2009

Fingerprint

Receptor, Serotonin, 5-HT2A
Maternal Behavior
Clozapine
Haloperidol
Rats
Dopamine
Quinpirole
Antipsychotic Agents
Postpartum Period
Serotonin 5-HT2 Receptor Agonists
Dopamine D2 Receptors
Serotonin Receptors
Amphetamine
Water
Pharmaceutical Preparations

Keywords

  • 5-HT receptor
  • Clozapine
  • DOI
  • Dopamine D/D receptor
  • Haloperidol
  • Quinpirole
  • Rat maternal behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology
  • Toxicology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry

Cite this

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title = "The receptor mechanisms underlying the disruptive effects of haloperidol and clozapine on rat maternal behavior: A double dissociation between dopamine D2 and 5-HT2A/2C receptors",
abstract = "Many antipsychotic drugs disrupt active components of maternal behavior such as pup approach, pup retrieval and nest building at clinically relevant doses in postpartum female rats. However, the neurochemical mechanisms underlying such a disruptive effect remain to be determined. This study examined the neurochemical mechanisms that mediate the disruptive effects of haloperidol (a typical antipsychotic) and clozapine (an atypical antipsychotic) on rat maternal behavior. Postpartum rats were administered with haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg, sc) or clozapine (10.0 mg/kg, sc) together with either vehicle (saline or water), quinpirole (a selective dopamine D2/D3 agonist, 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg, sc), or 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo-amphetamine (DOI, a selective 5-HT2A/2C agonist, 1.0 or 2.5 mg/kg, sc), and their maternal behaviors were tested at different time points before and after drug administration. Haloperidol and clozapine treatment disrupted pup approach, pup retrieval, pup licking and nest building. Pretreatment of quinpirole, but not DOI, dose-dependently reversed the haloperidol-induced disruptions. In contrast, pretreatment of DOI, but not quinpirole, dose-dependently reversed the clozapine-induced disruptions. Quinpirole pretreatment even exacerbated the clozapine-induced disruption of pup retrieval and nest building. These findings suggest a double dissociation mechanism underlying the disruption of haloperidol and clozapine on rat maternal behavior. Specifically, haloperidol disrupts maternal behavior primarily by blocking dopamine D2 receptors, whereas clozapine exerts its disruptive effect primarily by blocking the 5-HT2A/2C receptors. Our findings also suggest that 5-HT receptors are involved in the mediation of rat maternal behavior.",
keywords = "5-HT receptor, Clozapine, DOI, Dopamine D/D receptor, Haloperidol, Quinpirole, Rat maternal behavior",
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T2 - A double dissociation between dopamine D2 and 5-HT2A/2C receptors

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AU - Li, Ming

PY - 2009/10/1

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N2 - Many antipsychotic drugs disrupt active components of maternal behavior such as pup approach, pup retrieval and nest building at clinically relevant doses in postpartum female rats. However, the neurochemical mechanisms underlying such a disruptive effect remain to be determined. This study examined the neurochemical mechanisms that mediate the disruptive effects of haloperidol (a typical antipsychotic) and clozapine (an atypical antipsychotic) on rat maternal behavior. Postpartum rats were administered with haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg, sc) or clozapine (10.0 mg/kg, sc) together with either vehicle (saline or water), quinpirole (a selective dopamine D2/D3 agonist, 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg, sc), or 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo-amphetamine (DOI, a selective 5-HT2A/2C agonist, 1.0 or 2.5 mg/kg, sc), and their maternal behaviors were tested at different time points before and after drug administration. Haloperidol and clozapine treatment disrupted pup approach, pup retrieval, pup licking and nest building. Pretreatment of quinpirole, but not DOI, dose-dependently reversed the haloperidol-induced disruptions. In contrast, pretreatment of DOI, but not quinpirole, dose-dependently reversed the clozapine-induced disruptions. Quinpirole pretreatment even exacerbated the clozapine-induced disruption of pup retrieval and nest building. These findings suggest a double dissociation mechanism underlying the disruption of haloperidol and clozapine on rat maternal behavior. Specifically, haloperidol disrupts maternal behavior primarily by blocking dopamine D2 receptors, whereas clozapine exerts its disruptive effect primarily by blocking the 5-HT2A/2C receptors. Our findings also suggest that 5-HT receptors are involved in the mediation of rat maternal behavior.

AB - Many antipsychotic drugs disrupt active components of maternal behavior such as pup approach, pup retrieval and nest building at clinically relevant doses in postpartum female rats. However, the neurochemical mechanisms underlying such a disruptive effect remain to be determined. This study examined the neurochemical mechanisms that mediate the disruptive effects of haloperidol (a typical antipsychotic) and clozapine (an atypical antipsychotic) on rat maternal behavior. Postpartum rats were administered with haloperidol (0.2 mg/kg, sc) or clozapine (10.0 mg/kg, sc) together with either vehicle (saline or water), quinpirole (a selective dopamine D2/D3 agonist, 0.5 or 1.0 mg/kg, sc), or 2,5-dimethoxy-4-iodo-amphetamine (DOI, a selective 5-HT2A/2C agonist, 1.0 or 2.5 mg/kg, sc), and their maternal behaviors were tested at different time points before and after drug administration. Haloperidol and clozapine treatment disrupted pup approach, pup retrieval, pup licking and nest building. Pretreatment of quinpirole, but not DOI, dose-dependently reversed the haloperidol-induced disruptions. In contrast, pretreatment of DOI, but not quinpirole, dose-dependently reversed the clozapine-induced disruptions. Quinpirole pretreatment even exacerbated the clozapine-induced disruption of pup retrieval and nest building. These findings suggest a double dissociation mechanism underlying the disruption of haloperidol and clozapine on rat maternal behavior. Specifically, haloperidol disrupts maternal behavior primarily by blocking dopamine D2 receptors, whereas clozapine exerts its disruptive effect primarily by blocking the 5-HT2A/2C receptors. Our findings also suggest that 5-HT receptors are involved in the mediation of rat maternal behavior.

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