The Preferences for Creativity Scale (PCS)

Identifying the underlying constructs of creative concept selection

Christine A Toh, Scarlett R. Miller

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Creativity is highly emphasized during the engineering design process, but prior research has shown that decisionmaking biases and individual attributes can affect perceptions and preferences for creativity. However, there is a lack of knowledge of how to measure creativity during concept selection, or about the factors that affect designers' preferences for creative concepts in an engineering design context. As a first step in understanding what factors contribute to the promotion or filtering of creative concepts during concept selection, this study investigates the factors that can affect preferences for creativity through the development of a psychometric survey that assesses student designers' preferences for creativity through Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis. The result of these analyses is the 23-item Preferences for Creativity Scale (PCS) that assesses an individual's preference for creativity in engineering design on 4 major dimensions: (1) Team Centrality, (2) Risk Tolerance, (3) Creative Confidence/Preference, and (4) Motivation. The results of these analyses provide a foundation for studying creativity in the design process and allow for future research that investigates the factors that influence creative concept selection in engineering design.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication28th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology
PublisherAmerican Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
ISBN (Electronic)9780791850190
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016
EventASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2016 - Charlotte, United States
Duration: Aug 21 2016Aug 24 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference
Volume7

Other

OtherASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2016
CountryUnited States
CityCharlotte
Period8/21/168/24/16

Fingerprint

Engineering Design
Factor analysis
Design Process
Exploratory Factor Analysis
Confirmatory Factor Analysis
Psychometrics
Concepts
Creativity
Centrality
Students
Confidence
Tolerance
Filtering
Decision Making
Attribute

Keywords

  • Concept selection
  • Creativity
  • Design process
  • Factor Analysis
  • Preferences for creativity
  • Psychometric scale

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

Toh, C. A., & Miller, S. R. (2016). The Preferences for Creativity Scale (PCS): Identifying the underlying constructs of creative concept selection. In 28th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology (Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference; Vol. 7). American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC201660414

The Preferences for Creativity Scale (PCS) : Identifying the underlying constructs of creative concept selection. / Toh, Christine A; Miller, Scarlett R.

28th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2016. (Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference; Vol. 7).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Toh, CA & Miller, SR 2016, The Preferences for Creativity Scale (PCS): Identifying the underlying constructs of creative concept selection. in 28th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference, vol. 7, American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), ASME 2016 International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference, IDETC/CIE 2016, Charlotte, United States, 8/21/16. https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC201660414
Toh CA, Miller SR. The Preferences for Creativity Scale (PCS): Identifying the underlying constructs of creative concept selection. In 28th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME). 2016. (Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference). https://doi.org/10.1115/DETC201660414
Toh, Christine A ; Miller, Scarlett R. / The Preferences for Creativity Scale (PCS) : Identifying the underlying constructs of creative concept selection. 28th International Conference on Design Theory and Methodology. American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), 2016. (Proceedings of the ASME Design Engineering Technical Conference).
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