The neural substrates of action identification

Abigail A. Marsh, Megan N. Kozak, Daniel M. Wegner, Marguerite E. Reid, Henry H. Yu, R. J.R. Blair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mentalization is the process by which an observer views a target as possessing higher cognitive faculties such as goals, intentions and desires. Mentalization can be assessed using action identification paradigms, in which observers choose mentalistic (goals-focused) or mechanistic (action-focused) descriptions of targets' actions. Neural structures that play key roles in inferring goals and intentions from others' observed or imagined actions include temporo-parietal junction, ventral premotor cortex and extrastriate body area. We hypothesized that these regions play a role in action identification as well. Data collected using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) confirmed our predictions that activity in ventral premotor cortex and middle temporal gyrus near the extrastriate body area varies both as a function of the valence of the target and the extent to which actions are identified as goal-directed. In addition, the inferior parietal lobule is preferentially engaged when participants identify the actions of mentalized targets. Functional connectivity analyses suggest support from other regions, including the medial prefrontal cortex and amygdala, during mentalization. We found correlations between action identification and Autism Quotient scores, suggesting that understanding the neural correlates of action identification may enhance our understanding of the underpinnings of essential social cognitive processes. Published by Oxford University Press 2010.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbernsq004
Pages (from-to)392-403
Number of pages12
JournalSocial cognitive and affective neuroscience
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2010

Fingerprint

Motor Cortex
Parietal Lobe
Temporal Lobe
Autistic Disorder
Amygdala
Prefrontal Cortex
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Identification (Psychology)

Keywords

  • Action identification
  • Amygdale
  • Extrastriate body area
  • Mentalize
  • Ventral premotor cortex
  • fMRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Cognitive Neuroscience

Cite this

Marsh, A. A., Kozak, M. N., Wegner, D. M., Reid, M. E., Yu, H. H., & Blair, R. J. R. (2010). The neural substrates of action identification. Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, 5(4), 392-403. [nsq004]. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsq004

The neural substrates of action identification. / Marsh, Abigail A.; Kozak, Megan N.; Wegner, Daniel M.; Reid, Marguerite E.; Yu, Henry H.; Blair, R. J.R.

In: Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, Vol. 5, No. 4, nsq004, 01.12.2010, p. 392-403.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Marsh, AA, Kozak, MN, Wegner, DM, Reid, ME, Yu, HH & Blair, RJR 2010, 'The neural substrates of action identification', Social cognitive and affective neuroscience, vol. 5, no. 4, nsq004, pp. 392-403. https://doi.org/10.1093/scan/nsq004
Marsh, Abigail A. ; Kozak, Megan N. ; Wegner, Daniel M. ; Reid, Marguerite E. ; Yu, Henry H. ; Blair, R. J.R. / The neural substrates of action identification. In: Social cognitive and affective neuroscience. 2010 ; Vol. 5, No. 4. pp. 392-403.
@article{d073b261a6ce48679422ec8f23e86195,
title = "The neural substrates of action identification",
abstract = "Mentalization is the process by which an observer views a target as possessing higher cognitive faculties such as goals, intentions and desires. Mentalization can be assessed using action identification paradigms, in which observers choose mentalistic (goals-focused) or mechanistic (action-focused) descriptions of targets' actions. Neural structures that play key roles in inferring goals and intentions from others' observed or imagined actions include temporo-parietal junction, ventral premotor cortex and extrastriate body area. We hypothesized that these regions play a role in action identification as well. Data collected using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) confirmed our predictions that activity in ventral premotor cortex and middle temporal gyrus near the extrastriate body area varies both as a function of the valence of the target and the extent to which actions are identified as goal-directed. In addition, the inferior parietal lobule is preferentially engaged when participants identify the actions of mentalized targets. Functional connectivity analyses suggest support from other regions, including the medial prefrontal cortex and amygdala, during mentalization. We found correlations between action identification and Autism Quotient scores, suggesting that understanding the neural correlates of action identification may enhance our understanding of the underpinnings of essential social cognitive processes. Published by Oxford University Press 2010.",
keywords = "Action identification, Amygdale, Extrastriate body area, Mentalize, Ventral premotor cortex, fMRI",
author = "Marsh, {Abigail A.} and Kozak, {Megan N.} and Wegner, {Daniel M.} and Reid, {Marguerite E.} and Yu, {Henry H.} and Blair, {R. J.R.}",
year = "2010",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/scan/nsq004",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "5",
pages = "392--403",
journal = "Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience",
issn = "1749-5024",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The neural substrates of action identification

AU - Marsh, Abigail A.

AU - Kozak, Megan N.

AU - Wegner, Daniel M.

AU - Reid, Marguerite E.

AU - Yu, Henry H.

AU - Blair, R. J.R.

PY - 2010/12/1

Y1 - 2010/12/1

N2 - Mentalization is the process by which an observer views a target as possessing higher cognitive faculties such as goals, intentions and desires. Mentalization can be assessed using action identification paradigms, in which observers choose mentalistic (goals-focused) or mechanistic (action-focused) descriptions of targets' actions. Neural structures that play key roles in inferring goals and intentions from others' observed or imagined actions include temporo-parietal junction, ventral premotor cortex and extrastriate body area. We hypothesized that these regions play a role in action identification as well. Data collected using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) confirmed our predictions that activity in ventral premotor cortex and middle temporal gyrus near the extrastriate body area varies both as a function of the valence of the target and the extent to which actions are identified as goal-directed. In addition, the inferior parietal lobule is preferentially engaged when participants identify the actions of mentalized targets. Functional connectivity analyses suggest support from other regions, including the medial prefrontal cortex and amygdala, during mentalization. We found correlations between action identification and Autism Quotient scores, suggesting that understanding the neural correlates of action identification may enhance our understanding of the underpinnings of essential social cognitive processes. Published by Oxford University Press 2010.

AB - Mentalization is the process by which an observer views a target as possessing higher cognitive faculties such as goals, intentions and desires. Mentalization can be assessed using action identification paradigms, in which observers choose mentalistic (goals-focused) or mechanistic (action-focused) descriptions of targets' actions. Neural structures that play key roles in inferring goals and intentions from others' observed or imagined actions include temporo-parietal junction, ventral premotor cortex and extrastriate body area. We hypothesized that these regions play a role in action identification as well. Data collected using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) confirmed our predictions that activity in ventral premotor cortex and middle temporal gyrus near the extrastriate body area varies both as a function of the valence of the target and the extent to which actions are identified as goal-directed. In addition, the inferior parietal lobule is preferentially engaged when participants identify the actions of mentalized targets. Functional connectivity analyses suggest support from other regions, including the medial prefrontal cortex and amygdala, during mentalization. We found correlations between action identification and Autism Quotient scores, suggesting that understanding the neural correlates of action identification may enhance our understanding of the underpinnings of essential social cognitive processes. Published by Oxford University Press 2010.

KW - Action identification

KW - Amygdale

KW - Extrastriate body area

KW - Mentalize

KW - Ventral premotor cortex

KW - fMRI

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=78650626347&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=78650626347&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/scan/nsq004

DO - 10.1093/scan/nsq004

M3 - Article

C2 - 20150343

AN - SCOPUS:78650626347

VL - 5

SP - 392

EP - 403

JO - Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

JF - Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience

SN - 1749-5024

IS - 4

M1 - nsq004

ER -