The maternal and neonatal outcome of triplet gestations

J. L. Albrecht, P. G. Tomich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

113 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Our purpose was to determine the contemporary maternal and neonatal outcome of triplet gestations. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of 57 triplet deliveries between April 1, 1989, and July 31, 1994, was performed. RESULTS: The mean gestational age at delivery was 33.0 ± 2.7 weeks, and the mean birth weight was 1820 ± 513 gm. The most common maternal complications were preterm labor (86.0%), anemia (58.1%), preeclampsia (33.3%), preterm premature rupture of the membranes (17.5%), postpartum hemorrhage (12.3%), and HELLP (hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, and low platelets) syndrome (10.5%). Neonatal complications included hyaline membrane disease (29.6%), transient tachypnea of the newborn (20.1%), intraventricular hemorrhage (7.7%), and major congenital anomalies (7.1%). The perinatal mortality was 41 per 1000. Birth order had no significant effect on the incidence of neonatal complications. CONCLUSION: Perinatal mortality rates have improved in recent years but remain higher than for singleton gestations. Despite increasing experience with triplets, the rate of maternal complications is high.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1551-1556
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Volume174
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1996

Fingerprint

Perinatal Mortality
Mothers
Pregnancy
Transient Tachypnea of the Newborn
Hyaline Membrane Disease
Postpartum Hemorrhage
Birth Order
Premature Obstetric Labor
Hemolysis
Pre-Eclampsia
Birth Weight
Gestational Age
Anemia
Blood Platelets
Hemorrhage
Mortality
Liver
Incidence
Enzymes
Preterm Premature Rupture of the Membranes

Keywords

  • Triplets
  • maternal and neonatal complications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

The maternal and neonatal outcome of triplet gestations. / Albrecht, J. L.; Tomich, P. G.

In: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 174, No. 5, 01.01.1996, p. 1551-1556.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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