The Longitudinal Relationships Between Rural Adolescents' Prosocial Behaviors and Young Adult Substance Use

Gustavo Carlo, Elizabeth J Crockett, Jamie L. Wilkinson, Sarah J. Beal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

While many adolescents and young adults experiment with substances (e. g., alcohol, cigarette smoking, marijuana), recent research suggests that rural youth and young adults may be more at risk for substance use than their urban counterparts. This study was designed to examine the longitudinal relationships between rural adolescents' prosocial behaviors and substance use in young adulthood. Furthermore, we examined the potential mediating effects of adolescent substance use, academic investment, and delinquency. Rural youth (N = 531; 263 girls) were surveyed in grades 10-12 (Time 1; M age = 16.17;SD = 91) and again in early adulthood (Time 2). Measures of prosocial behaviors, substance use, academic investment, and deviant activities were assessed at Time 1. At Time 2, measures of marijuana use, cigarette smoking, and getting drunk were administered. Overall, the findings showed that rural adolescents who frequently exhibit prosocial behaviors are less likely to engage in substance use in young adulthood than those who exhibit relatively low levels of prosocial behaviors. These findings indicate that prosocial behaviors may have positive health consequences, establishing behavioral trajectories that lead to lower levels of risky health behaviors in adulthood in rural populations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1192-1202
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Youth and Adolescence
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011

Fingerprint

Adolescent Behavior
young adult
Young Adult
adulthood
adolescent
Cannabis
smoking
Smoking
health consequences
Health Behavior
rural population
Rural Population
delinquency
health behavior
Health Status
school grade
alcohol
Alcohols
time
experiment

Keywords

  • Adolescence
  • Prosocial behaviors
  • Rural
  • Substance use
  • Young adulthood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Education
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The Longitudinal Relationships Between Rural Adolescents' Prosocial Behaviors and Young Adult Substance Use. / Carlo, Gustavo; Crockett, Elizabeth J; Wilkinson, Jamie L.; Beal, Sarah J.

In: Journal of Youth and Adolescence, Vol. 40, No. 9, 01.09.2011, p. 1192-1202.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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