The internet in India and China

Larry Press, William Foster, Peter Wolcott, William McHenry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This article compares the diffusion of the Internet in China and India. Using a six-dimension framework for characterizing the state of the Internet in a nation, we observe that, while both nations have made significant progress since our last comparison (in 1999), China enjoys a substantial lead over India. We also examine determinants of Internet diffusion. We find that the Chinese Internet has benefited from economic and trade reform begun in the late 1980s, a strong government commitment to the Internet, complementary human and capital resources, etc. The two nations have very different governments and policies, leading to differing approaches to the introduction of telecommunication competition and infrastructure development. China has pursued a strategy of competition among government-owned organizations while India has set policy via recommendations of publicly visible task forces. It remains to be seen whether India's relatively transparent and market driven approach to Internet policy (and access) will prove effective in the long run. India and China have approximately 40 percent of the world population, and most of their inhabitants live in rural villages that lack basic telephone service. If the Internet is to succeed in raising the level of human development and curtailing migration to teeming urban centers, it must succeed in India and China. What we learn there may enable us to provide communication and information to the world's 1.5 million unconnected villages.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalFirst Monday
Volume7
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Fingerprint

Internet
Telephone
Telecommunication
Lead
Economics
Communication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Law

Cite this

The internet in India and China. / Press, Larry; Foster, William; Wolcott, Peter; McHenry, William.

In: First Monday, Vol. 7, No. 10, 01.01.2002.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Press, L, Foster, W, Wolcott, P & McHenry, W 2002, 'The internet in India and China', First Monday, vol. 7, no. 10. https://doi.org/10.5210/fm.v7i10.997
Press, Larry ; Foster, William ; Wolcott, Peter ; McHenry, William. / The internet in India and China. In: First Monday. 2002 ; Vol. 7, No. 10.
@article{f74450fcb3b4483694fed4256528c6c1,
title = "The internet in India and China",
abstract = "This article compares the diffusion of the Internet in China and India. Using a six-dimension framework for characterizing the state of the Internet in a nation, we observe that, while both nations have made significant progress since our last comparison (in 1999), China enjoys a substantial lead over India. We also examine determinants of Internet diffusion. We find that the Chinese Internet has benefited from economic and trade reform begun in the late 1980s, a strong government commitment to the Internet, complementary human and capital resources, etc. The two nations have very different governments and policies, leading to differing approaches to the introduction of telecommunication competition and infrastructure development. China has pursued a strategy of competition among government-owned organizations while India has set policy via recommendations of publicly visible task forces. It remains to be seen whether India's relatively transparent and market driven approach to Internet policy (and access) will prove effective in the long run. India and China have approximately 40 percent of the world population, and most of their inhabitants live in rural villages that lack basic telephone service. If the Internet is to succeed in raising the level of human development and curtailing migration to teeming urban centers, it must succeed in India and China. What we learn there may enable us to provide communication and information to the world's 1.5 million unconnected villages.",
author = "Larry Press and William Foster and Peter Wolcott and William McHenry",
year = "2002",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.5210/fm.v7i10.997",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "7",
journal = "First Monday",
issn = "1396-0466",
publisher = "First Monday",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The internet in India and China

AU - Press, Larry

AU - Foster, William

AU - Wolcott, Peter

AU - McHenry, William

PY - 2002/1/1

Y1 - 2002/1/1

N2 - This article compares the diffusion of the Internet in China and India. Using a six-dimension framework for characterizing the state of the Internet in a nation, we observe that, while both nations have made significant progress since our last comparison (in 1999), China enjoys a substantial lead over India. We also examine determinants of Internet diffusion. We find that the Chinese Internet has benefited from economic and trade reform begun in the late 1980s, a strong government commitment to the Internet, complementary human and capital resources, etc. The two nations have very different governments and policies, leading to differing approaches to the introduction of telecommunication competition and infrastructure development. China has pursued a strategy of competition among government-owned organizations while India has set policy via recommendations of publicly visible task forces. It remains to be seen whether India's relatively transparent and market driven approach to Internet policy (and access) will prove effective in the long run. India and China have approximately 40 percent of the world population, and most of their inhabitants live in rural villages that lack basic telephone service. If the Internet is to succeed in raising the level of human development and curtailing migration to teeming urban centers, it must succeed in India and China. What we learn there may enable us to provide communication and information to the world's 1.5 million unconnected villages.

AB - This article compares the diffusion of the Internet in China and India. Using a six-dimension framework for characterizing the state of the Internet in a nation, we observe that, while both nations have made significant progress since our last comparison (in 1999), China enjoys a substantial lead over India. We also examine determinants of Internet diffusion. We find that the Chinese Internet has benefited from economic and trade reform begun in the late 1980s, a strong government commitment to the Internet, complementary human and capital resources, etc. The two nations have very different governments and policies, leading to differing approaches to the introduction of telecommunication competition and infrastructure development. China has pursued a strategy of competition among government-owned organizations while India has set policy via recommendations of publicly visible task forces. It remains to be seen whether India's relatively transparent and market driven approach to Internet policy (and access) will prove effective in the long run. India and China have approximately 40 percent of the world population, and most of their inhabitants live in rural villages that lack basic telephone service. If the Internet is to succeed in raising the level of human development and curtailing migration to teeming urban centers, it must succeed in India and China. What we learn there may enable us to provide communication and information to the world's 1.5 million unconnected villages.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=33749473246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=33749473246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.5210/fm.v7i10.997

DO - 10.5210/fm.v7i10.997

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:33749473246

VL - 7

JO - First Monday

JF - First Monday

SN - 1396-0466

IS - 10

ER -