The impact of roof pitch and ceiling insulation on cooling load of naturally-ventilated attics

Shimin Wang, Zhigang Shen, Linxia Gu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A 2D unsteady computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model is employed to simulate buoyancy-driven turbulent ventilation in attics with different pitch values and ceiling insulation levels under summer conditions. The impacts of roof pitch and ceiling insulation on the cooling load of gable-roof residential buildings are investigated based on the simulation of turbulent air flow and natural convection heat transfer in attic spaces with roof pitches from 3/12 to 18/12 combined with ceiling insulation levels from R-1.2 to R-40. The modeling results show that the air flows in the attics are steady and exhibit a general streamline pattern that is qualitatively insensitive to the investigated variations of roof pitch and ceiling insulation. Furthermore, it is predicted that the ceiling insulation plays a control role on the attic cooling load and that an increase of roof pitch from 3/12 to 8/12 results in a decrease in the cooling load by around 9% in the investigated cases. The results suggest that the increase of roof pitch alone, without changing other design parameters, has limited impact on attics cooling load and airflow pattern. The research results also suggest both the predicted ventilating mass flow rate and attic cooling load can be satisfactorily correlated by simple relationships in terms of appropriately defined Rayleigh and Nusselt numbers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2178-2196
Number of pages19
JournalEnergies
Volume5
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

Fingerprint

Ceiling
Ceilings
Roofs
Cooling
Insulation
Nusselt number
Rayleigh number
Natural Convection
Buoyancy
Ventilation
Fluid Model
Streamlines
Parameter Design
Computational Fluid Dynamics
Flow Rate
Heat Transfer
Air
Dynamic Model
Natural convection
Dynamic models

Keywords

  • Attic
  • CFD
  • Cooling
  • Insulation
  • Natural ventilation
  • Poof pitch
  • Turbulence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

Cite this

The impact of roof pitch and ceiling insulation on cooling load of naturally-ventilated attics. / Wang, Shimin; Shen, Zhigang; Gu, Linxia.

In: Energies, Vol. 5, No. 7, 01.01.2012, p. 2178-2196.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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