The impact of cerebrovascular disease in Panama

Fernando Gracia, Aron Benzadon, Marco Gonzalez-Castellon, Blas Armien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In Latin America, the cerebrovascular disease is considered a catastrophic public health problem. The objective of this publication is to describe the demographic characteristics and risk factors of cerebrovascular disease in Panama. Methods: A hospital-based stroke registry was carried out between 2005 and 2006 to record all patients with cerebrovascular disease admitted to the two major teaching public hospital in Panama City. A comparative analysis was realized of the risk factor of two regional survey studies in Panamá and Colón province on 2007 and 2010. Results: Sixty-three percent of the stroke was ischemic, and high blood pressure was the most common risk factor with 73%; the intrahospital mortality was 28·4%. In a National Health and Quality of Life Survey carried out in 2007, the crude prevalence of cerebrovascular disease was 0·7%. High blood pressure (22%), smoking (9·1%), alcoholism (10·8%), dyslipidemia (8·7%), and diabetes mellitus (5·4%) were the most common risk factors. In 2010, a survey to find out the Prevalence of Risk Factor Associated to Cardiovascular disease in the province of Panama and Colon found that crude prevalence of cerebrovascular disease was 1·6%. High blood pressure (28·4%), dyslipidemia (20·8%), and alcoholism (17·0%) were the most common risk factors. Conclusion: Since 2013, both hospitals' intravenous thrombolytic therapy program has been successfully applied as public health policy. A successful campaign on healthy lifestyle must be strengthened through a comprehensive approach with other public sectors in order to have an impact on the population, particularly in children and adolescents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)28-30
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Journal of Stroke
Volume9
Issue numberA100
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2014

Fingerprint

Panama
Cerebrovascular Disorders
Dyslipidemias
Hypertension
Alcoholism
Public Health
Stroke
Latin America
Public Sector
Public Hospitals
Thrombolytic Therapy
Public Policy
Health Policy
Teaching Hospitals
Registries
Diabetes Mellitus
Colon
Cardiovascular Diseases
Smoking
Quality of Life

Keywords

  • Cerebrovascular
  • Latin America
  • Panama
  • Policy
  • Registry
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology

Cite this

The impact of cerebrovascular disease in Panama. / Gracia, Fernando; Benzadon, Aron; Gonzalez-Castellon, Marco; Armien, Blas.

In: International Journal of Stroke, Vol. 9, No. A100, 01.10.2014, p. 28-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gracia, Fernando ; Benzadon, Aron ; Gonzalez-Castellon, Marco ; Armien, Blas. / The impact of cerebrovascular disease in Panama. In: International Journal of Stroke. 2014 ; Vol. 9, No. A100. pp. 28-30.
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