The gut in systemic inflammatory response syndrome and sepsis: Enzyme systems fighting multiple organ failure

J. Suliburk, K. Helmer, F. Moore, D. Mercer

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

37 Scopus citations


The prognosis and care of critically ill ICU patients has improved over recent years, but the development of multiple organ failure (MOF) continues to cause significant morbidity and mortality. Shock, with resultant organ ischemia, appears to play a critical role in the development of MOF. It is our global hypothesis that MOF is a gut-derived phenomenon and that novel interventions can improve outcome in shock-induced gut inflammation and dysfunction in critically ill patients. We have found that the anesthetic agent ketamine has a profound impact on the response to endotoxic shock. This review summarizes our findings on the mechanisms of action by which ketamine is able to modulate the nitric oxide, cyclo-oxygenase and heme-oxygenase enzyme systems to attenuate endotoxin-induced organ dysfunction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)184-189
Number of pages6
JournalEuropean Surgical Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2008



  • Gut
  • Ketamine
  • Multiple Organ Failure
  • Sepsis
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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