The four-quadrant assessment of amniotic fluid volume

An adjunct to antepartum fetal heart rate testing

S. E. Rutherford, J. P. Phelan, Carl Vernon Smith, N. Jacobs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

278 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Amniotic fluid volume assessment using a semiquantitative four-quadrant technique, the amniotic fluid index, was evaluated in relationship to fetal heart rate (FHR) testing and perinatal morbidity in 330 high-risk pregnancies. An inverse relationship was found between the amniotic fluid index and nonreactive nonstress tests (NST), FHR decelerations, meconium staining, cesarean section for fetal distress, and low Apgar scores. More important, adverse perinatal outcome was significantly more frequent with diminished compared with normal amniotic fluid volume, even if the NST was reactive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-356
Number of pages4
JournalObstetrics and gynecology
Volume70
Issue number3 PART I
StatePublished - Dec 1 1987

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Fetal Heart Rate
Amniotic Fluid
High-Risk Pregnancy
Meconium
Fetal Distress
Apgar Score
Deceleration
Cesarean Section
Staining and Labeling
Morbidity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

Cite this

The four-quadrant assessment of amniotic fluid volume : An adjunct to antepartum fetal heart rate testing. / Rutherford, S. E.; Phelan, J. P.; Smith, Carl Vernon; Jacobs, N.

In: Obstetrics and gynecology, Vol. 70, No. 3 PART I, 01.12.1987, p. 353-356.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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