The first anniversary: Stress, well-being, and optimism in older widows

Mary E. Minton, Melody Hertzog, Cecilia R. Barron, Jeffrey A. French, Roni Reiter-Palmon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The first anniversary for older widows (n = 47) has been explored during Months 11, 12, and 13. Concurrent correlations show that optimism inversely correlates with psychological (intrusion and avoidance) stress as measured with the Impact of Event Scale (r = -.52 to -.66, p < .005) and positively correlates with well-being (physical: r = .36 to .46, p < .025; psychosocial: r = .58 to .72, p < .005; spiritual: r = .50 to .69, p < .005). Lagged correlation patterns suggest that higher levels of optimism at a given time are associated with higher life satisfaction and spiritual well-being at later times. Psychological stress is higher at Month 12 when compared to Month 13, t(43) = 2.54, p = .01, but not when compared to Month 11, t(43) = 1.49, p > .10. There are no significant differences in physiologic stress (salivary cortisol) or well-being during the first anniversary of spousal bereavement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1035-1056
Number of pages22
JournalWestern journal of nursing research
Volume31
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2009

Fingerprint

Anniversaries and Special Events
Bereavement
Hydrocortisone
Psychology
Optimism

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Community
  • Descriptive quantitative
  • Gerontology
  • Health behavior
  • Location of care
  • Methods
  • Population focus
  • Stress
  • Symptom focus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)

Cite this

The first anniversary : Stress, well-being, and optimism in older widows. / Minton, Mary E.; Hertzog, Melody; Barron, Cecilia R.; French, Jeffrey A.; Reiter-Palmon, Roni.

In: Western journal of nursing research, Vol. 31, No. 8, 01.12.2009, p. 1035-1056.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Minton, Mary E. ; Hertzog, Melody ; Barron, Cecilia R. ; French, Jeffrey A. ; Reiter-Palmon, Roni. / The first anniversary : Stress, well-being, and optimism in older widows. In: Western journal of nursing research. 2009 ; Vol. 31, No. 8. pp. 1035-1056.
@article{2ec52d10825a49259fc5bb5d3151ba0e,
title = "The first anniversary: Stress, well-being, and optimism in older widows",
abstract = "The first anniversary for older widows (n = 47) has been explored during Months 11, 12, and 13. Concurrent correlations show that optimism inversely correlates with psychological (intrusion and avoidance) stress as measured with the Impact of Event Scale (r = -.52 to -.66, p < .005) and positively correlates with well-being (physical: r = .36 to .46, p < .025; psychosocial: r = .58 to .72, p < .005; spiritual: r = .50 to .69, p < .005). Lagged correlation patterns suggest that higher levels of optimism at a given time are associated with higher life satisfaction and spiritual well-being at later times. Psychological stress is higher at Month 12 when compared to Month 13, t(43) = 2.54, p = .01, but not when compared to Month 11, t(43) = 1.49, p > .10. There are no significant differences in physiologic stress (salivary cortisol) or well-being during the first anniversary of spousal bereavement.",
keywords = "Anxiety, Community, Descriptive quantitative, Gerontology, Health behavior, Location of care, Methods, Population focus, Stress, Symptom focus",
author = "Minton, {Mary E.} and Melody Hertzog and Barron, {Cecilia R.} and French, {Jeffrey A.} and Roni Reiter-Palmon",
year = "2009",
month = "12",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1177/0193945909339497",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "31",
pages = "1035--1056",
journal = "Western Journal of Nursing Research",
issn = "0193-9459",
publisher = "SAGE Publications Inc.",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The first anniversary

T2 - Stress, well-being, and optimism in older widows

AU - Minton, Mary E.

AU - Hertzog, Melody

AU - Barron, Cecilia R.

AU - French, Jeffrey A.

AU - Reiter-Palmon, Roni

PY - 2009/12/1

Y1 - 2009/12/1

N2 - The first anniversary for older widows (n = 47) has been explored during Months 11, 12, and 13. Concurrent correlations show that optimism inversely correlates with psychological (intrusion and avoidance) stress as measured with the Impact of Event Scale (r = -.52 to -.66, p < .005) and positively correlates with well-being (physical: r = .36 to .46, p < .025; psychosocial: r = .58 to .72, p < .005; spiritual: r = .50 to .69, p < .005). Lagged correlation patterns suggest that higher levels of optimism at a given time are associated with higher life satisfaction and spiritual well-being at later times. Psychological stress is higher at Month 12 when compared to Month 13, t(43) = 2.54, p = .01, but not when compared to Month 11, t(43) = 1.49, p > .10. There are no significant differences in physiologic stress (salivary cortisol) or well-being during the first anniversary of spousal bereavement.

AB - The first anniversary for older widows (n = 47) has been explored during Months 11, 12, and 13. Concurrent correlations show that optimism inversely correlates with psychological (intrusion and avoidance) stress as measured with the Impact of Event Scale (r = -.52 to -.66, p < .005) and positively correlates with well-being (physical: r = .36 to .46, p < .025; psychosocial: r = .58 to .72, p < .005; spiritual: r = .50 to .69, p < .005). Lagged correlation patterns suggest that higher levels of optimism at a given time are associated with higher life satisfaction and spiritual well-being at later times. Psychological stress is higher at Month 12 when compared to Month 13, t(43) = 2.54, p = .01, but not when compared to Month 11, t(43) = 1.49, p > .10. There are no significant differences in physiologic stress (salivary cortisol) or well-being during the first anniversary of spousal bereavement.

KW - Anxiety

KW - Community

KW - Descriptive quantitative

KW - Gerontology

KW - Health behavior

KW - Location of care

KW - Methods

KW - Population focus

KW - Stress

KW - Symptom focus

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=71849115948&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=71849115948&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0193945909339497

DO - 10.1177/0193945909339497

M3 - Article

C2 - 20008309

AN - SCOPUS:71849115948

VL - 31

SP - 1035

EP - 1056

JO - Western Journal of Nursing Research

JF - Western Journal of Nursing Research

SN - 0193-9459

IS - 8

ER -