The effects of variable-time versus contingent reinforcement delivery on problem behavior maintained by escape

Joanna E Lomas Mevers, Wayne W Fisher, Michael E. Kelley, Laura D. Fredrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Results of previous research indicate that the delivery of positive reinforcement (e.g., food) for an appropriate, alternative target response (e.g., compliance) or delivery of food on a time-based schedule can decrease problem behavior reinforced by escape, even when problem behavior continues to produce negative reinforcement (e.g., Lalli et al.,; Lomas, Fisher, & Kelley,). In this study, we compared the levels of both compliance and problem behavior when food and praise were delivered either contingent on compliance or on a time-based schedule. Results for 3 of the 4 participants showed that contingent delivery of preferred edible items and praise was more effective in both reducing problem behavior and increasing compliance compared to variable-time delivery of these same items. These findings are discussed in the context of motivating operations and competition between positive and negative reinforcement.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)277-292
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014

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reinforcement
Compliance
food
Food
Appointments and Schedules
Reinforcement (Psychology)
Problem Behavior
time
Behavior Problems
Reinforcement
Contingent
Research

Keywords

  • functional analysis
  • negative reinforcement
  • noncontingent reinforcement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Philosophy

Cite this

The effects of variable-time versus contingent reinforcement delivery on problem behavior maintained by escape. / Mevers, Joanna E Lomas; Fisher, Wayne W; Kelley, Michael E.; Fredrick, Laura D.

In: Journal of applied behavior analysis, Vol. 47, No. 2, 01.01.2014, p. 277-292.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mevers, Joanna E Lomas ; Fisher, Wayne W ; Kelley, Michael E. ; Fredrick, Laura D. / The effects of variable-time versus contingent reinforcement delivery on problem behavior maintained by escape. In: Journal of applied behavior analysis. 2014 ; Vol. 47, No. 2. pp. 277-292.
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