The effects of revisionism on remembered emotion: The valence of older, voluntary immigrants' pre-migration autobiographical memories

Robert W. Schrauf, Lesa Hoffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Prior research on remembered emotion demonstrates effects of revisionism in memory. The positivity bias describes preferential recall for positive emotions and the fading affect bias describes greater fading of negative versus positive emotion over time. Such effects predict that older adults would remember childhood and youth more positively than later adulthood. However, economic immigrants, whose childhood and youth reflect experiences of poverty and unemployment, may not show the effects of such revisionism. This study examined the remembered emotion of immigrant and non-immigrant older Puerto Ricans whose early years corresponded to hard times on the island. Multilevel modelling showed that both groups exhibited the effects of the positivity and fading affect biases, but immigrants remembered childhood and youth more negatively than non-immigrants. This suggests both accurate memory for a more negative past as well the effects of additional revisionism whereby a valued and chosen present is preferentially compared to the past.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)895-913
Number of pages19
JournalApplied Cognitive Psychology
Volume21
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2007

Fingerprint

Episodic Memory
Emotions
Unemployment
Poverty
Hispanic Americans
Islands
Economics
Valence
Immigrants
Revisionism
Autobiographical Memory
Emotion
Research
Childhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

The effects of revisionism on remembered emotion : The valence of older, voluntary immigrants' pre-migration autobiographical memories. / Schrauf, Robert W.; Hoffman, Lesa.

In: Applied Cognitive Psychology, Vol. 21, No. 7, 01.11.2007, p. 895-913.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{469f039eb85d434bb51c83525fee1d10,
title = "The effects of revisionism on remembered emotion: The valence of older, voluntary immigrants' pre-migration autobiographical memories",
abstract = "Prior research on remembered emotion demonstrates effects of revisionism in memory. The positivity bias describes preferential recall for positive emotions and the fading affect bias describes greater fading of negative versus positive emotion over time. Such effects predict that older adults would remember childhood and youth more positively than later adulthood. However, economic immigrants, whose childhood and youth reflect experiences of poverty and unemployment, may not show the effects of such revisionism. This study examined the remembered emotion of immigrant and non-immigrant older Puerto Ricans whose early years corresponded to hard times on the island. Multilevel modelling showed that both groups exhibited the effects of the positivity and fading affect biases, but immigrants remembered childhood and youth more negatively than non-immigrants. This suggests both accurate memory for a more negative past as well the effects of additional revisionism whereby a valued and chosen present is preferentially compared to the past.",
author = "Schrauf, {Robert W.} and Lesa Hoffman",
year = "2007",
month = "11",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1002/acp.1304",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "21",
pages = "895--913",
journal = "Applied Cognitive Psychology",
issn = "0888-4080",
publisher = "John Wiley and Sons Ltd",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The effects of revisionism on remembered emotion

T2 - The valence of older, voluntary immigrants' pre-migration autobiographical memories

AU - Schrauf, Robert W.

AU - Hoffman, Lesa

PY - 2007/11/1

Y1 - 2007/11/1

N2 - Prior research on remembered emotion demonstrates effects of revisionism in memory. The positivity bias describes preferential recall for positive emotions and the fading affect bias describes greater fading of negative versus positive emotion over time. Such effects predict that older adults would remember childhood and youth more positively than later adulthood. However, economic immigrants, whose childhood and youth reflect experiences of poverty and unemployment, may not show the effects of such revisionism. This study examined the remembered emotion of immigrant and non-immigrant older Puerto Ricans whose early years corresponded to hard times on the island. Multilevel modelling showed that both groups exhibited the effects of the positivity and fading affect biases, but immigrants remembered childhood and youth more negatively than non-immigrants. This suggests both accurate memory for a more negative past as well the effects of additional revisionism whereby a valued and chosen present is preferentially compared to the past.

AB - Prior research on remembered emotion demonstrates effects of revisionism in memory. The positivity bias describes preferential recall for positive emotions and the fading affect bias describes greater fading of negative versus positive emotion over time. Such effects predict that older adults would remember childhood and youth more positively than later adulthood. However, economic immigrants, whose childhood and youth reflect experiences of poverty and unemployment, may not show the effects of such revisionism. This study examined the remembered emotion of immigrant and non-immigrant older Puerto Ricans whose early years corresponded to hard times on the island. Multilevel modelling showed that both groups exhibited the effects of the positivity and fading affect biases, but immigrants remembered childhood and youth more negatively than non-immigrants. This suggests both accurate memory for a more negative past as well the effects of additional revisionism whereby a valued and chosen present is preferentially compared to the past.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=36448955417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=36448955417&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1002/acp.1304

DO - 10.1002/acp.1304

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:36448955417

VL - 21

SP - 895

EP - 913

JO - Applied Cognitive Psychology

JF - Applied Cognitive Psychology

SN - 0888-4080

IS - 7

ER -