The effects of interelectrode distance over the innervation zone and normalization on the electromyographic amplitude and mean power frequency versus concentric, eccentric, and isometric torque relationships for the vastus lateralis muscle

Travis W. Beck, Terry J. Housh, Joel T. Cramer, Joseph P. Weir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of interelectrode distance (IED) over the estimated innervation zone (IZ) for the vastus lateralis muscle and normalization on the torque-related patterns of responses for electromyographic (EMG) amplitude and mean power frequency (MPF) during concentric isokinetic, eccentric isokinetic, and isometric muscle actions of the leg extensors. Eight men performed submaximal to maximal concentric isokinetic, eccentric isokinetic, and isometric muscle actions of the dominant leg extensors. Surface EMG signals were recorded simultaneously with two bipolar electrode arrangements in single differential configuration (20 and 40 mm IEDs) placed over the estimated IZ for the vastus lateralis muscle and a third electrode arrangement in single differential configuration (20 mm IED) placed distal to the estimated IZ. The results indicated that there were only a few (six of 90 statistical comparisons) significant (p < 0.05) mean differences among the three electrode arrangements for absolute EMG amplitude. There were no mean differences among the three electrode arrangements for absolute or normalized EMG MPF values or normalized EMG amplitude for the three types of muscle actions. Thus, it may be possible to reduce the potential influence of the IZ on amplitude and spectral parameters of the EMG signal through normalization.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-231
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
Volume19
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2009

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Keywords

  • Innervation zone
  • Interelectrode distance
  • Normalization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Biophysics
  • Clinical Neurology

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