The effects of concentric fatigue on concentric, eccentric, and isometric torque

Robert W. Lewis, Terry J. Housh, Daniel A. Traylor, Haley C. Bergstrom, Glen O. Johnson, Richard J. Schmidt, Joel T. Cramer, Nathaniel D.M. Jenkins, Kristen C. Cochrane

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Fatiguing concentric (CON) muscle actions of the leg extensors have been shown to result in differences in percent (%) decline in torque for CON, eccentric (ECC), and isometric (ISO) muscle actions. However, the effects of CON fatigue of the forearm flexors on CON, ECC, and ISO torque have not been well established. The purpose of this investigation was to determine the effects of 50 maximal CON isokinetic forearm flexion muscle actions on CON, ECC, and ISO torque. Sixteen adults (8 men (mean ± SD = 23.1 ± 2.3) and 8 women (mean ± SD age = 22.8 ± 1.4)) volunteered to perform 50 consecutive, CON forearm flexion muscle actions at 180o·s-1. Before and after the fatiguing workbout, peak torque was measured (randomly ordered) for CON, ECC, and ISO muscle actions. Polynomial regression analysis indicated a cubic (R2 = 0.98) pattern of response during the 50 CON muscle actions. There were no differences in mean % decline (30%) in torque among the three types of muscle actions. The findings indicate that the CON, ECC, and ISO muscle actions share a common mechanism of fatigue as a result of the fatiguing CON workbout.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10-18
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Exercise Physiology Online
Volume16
Issue number1
StatePublished - Sep 11 2013

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Torque
Fatigue
Muscles
Forearm
Leg
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • Fatigue
  • Isokinetics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Lewis, R. W., Housh, T. J., Traylor, D. A., Bergstrom, H. C., Johnson, G. O., Schmidt, R. J., ... Cochrane, K. C. (2013). The effects of concentric fatigue on concentric, eccentric, and isometric torque. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 16(1), 10-18.

The effects of concentric fatigue on concentric, eccentric, and isometric torque. / Lewis, Robert W.; Housh, Terry J.; Traylor, Daniel A.; Bergstrom, Haley C.; Johnson, Glen O.; Schmidt, Richard J.; Cramer, Joel T.; Jenkins, Nathaniel D.M.; Cochrane, Kristen C.

In: Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, Vol. 16, No. 1, 11.09.2013, p. 10-18.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Lewis, RW, Housh, TJ, Traylor, DA, Bergstrom, HC, Johnson, GO, Schmidt, RJ, Cramer, JT, Jenkins, NDM & Cochrane, KC 2013, 'The effects of concentric fatigue on concentric, eccentric, and isometric torque', Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, vol. 16, no. 1, pp. 10-18.
Lewis RW, Housh TJ, Traylor DA, Bergstrom HC, Johnson GO, Schmidt RJ et al. The effects of concentric fatigue on concentric, eccentric, and isometric torque. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online. 2013 Sep 11;16(1):10-18.
Lewis, Robert W. ; Housh, Terry J. ; Traylor, Daniel A. ; Bergstrom, Haley C. ; Johnson, Glen O. ; Schmidt, Richard J. ; Cramer, Joel T. ; Jenkins, Nathaniel D.M. ; Cochrane, Kristen C. / The effects of concentric fatigue on concentric, eccentric, and isometric torque. In: Journal of Exercise Physiology Online. 2013 ; Vol. 16, No. 1. pp. 10-18.
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