The effect of trauma on the severity of obsessive-compulsive spectrum symptoms

A meta-analysis

Michelle L. Miller, Rebecca L Brock

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is important to consider trauma-related sequelae in the etiology and maintenance of psychopathology, namely understudied disorders such as those belonging to the Obsessive-Compulsive Spectrum (OCS). This meta-analysis examined the association between past trauma exposure and current severity of OCS disorder symptoms. A systematic literature search was conducted with 24 (N = 4557) articles meeting inclusion criteria. A significant overall effect size was obtained (r = 0.20), indicating that exposure to past trauma is associated with a higher severity of OCS symptoms, with a stronger association for females (β = 0.01, p < .001) but not varying as a function of relationship status. Four types of interpersonal trauma (violence, emotional abuse, sexual abuse, and neglect) were associated with OCS symptom severity (r = 0.19 −0.24) and past trauma was significantly associated with more severe compulsions (r = 0.17), but not obsessions. Results suggest an important link between multiple types of past trauma exposure and OCS symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)29-44
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Anxiety Disorders
Volume47
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017

Fingerprint

Meta-Analysis
Wounds and Injuries
Obsessive Behavior
Multiple Trauma
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
Sex Offenses
Psychopathology
Violence
Maintenance

Keywords

  • Anxiety disorders
  • Meta-analysis
  • Obsessive-compulsive spectrum
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The effect of trauma on the severity of obsessive-compulsive spectrum symptoms : A meta-analysis. / Miller, Michelle L.; Brock, Rebecca L.

In: Journal of Anxiety Disorders, Vol. 47, 01.04.2017, p. 29-44.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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