Release rate is a critical property of all drug delivery vehicles, including antibiotic-laden bioerodibles. In vitro elution studies, used to evaluate release rates, use different sampling methods, including changing the entire amount of buffer and partial exchanges each day. Two groups of 10% calcium sulfate-tobramycin pellets were eluted in 20 mL of buffer for 30 days. Group I had 5 mL of buffer withdrawn and replaced daily whereas Group II had the entire 20 mL of buffer changed daily. The results show that the complete exchange method caused a significantly faster release of antibiotic than the partial exchange method. In the complete exchange group, greater than 50% of the tobramycin was released by 24 hours, whereas in the partial exchange group, 50% of the antibiotic was not released until Day 6. The two methods of sampling used to evaluate this bioerodible material provide data that allow the user to anticipate how the material will function in relatively inert and volatile environments. The method used to sample the elution of antibiotics from bioerodible materials affects the amount of antibiotic eluted. It therefore is important to know the method of sampling when making a decision to use a bioerodible material to deliver antibiotics locally.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine