The effect of betaine in reversing alcoholic steatosis

Anthony J. Barak, Harriet C. Beckenhauer, Shahrokh Badakhsh, Dean J Tuma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

75 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The feeding of ethanol to experimental animals results in fatty infiltration of the liver. Recent findings have shown that ethanol-induced steatosis is accompanied by a lowering in hepatic S-adenosylmethionine (SAM) levels. It is known that SAM provides substrates for reduced glutathione formation and offers the cell protection from toxic metabolic oxidants. A recent study in this laboratory demonstrated that dietary supplementation with betaine generated increased SAM in the liver and protected against ethanol-induced steatosis. The present study not only showed that betaine supplementation to rats protects the liver from alcoholic steatosis, but also demonstrated that once steatosis is established, treatment with betaine partially reversed the steatosis after cessation of ethanol feeding. Furthermore, this study indicated that betaine supplementation to the diet had the capacity to attenuate steatosis despite the continued feeding of ethanol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1100-1102
Number of pages3
JournalAlcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research
Volume21
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997

Fingerprint

Betaine
Ethanol
S-Adenosylmethionine
Liver
Fatty Liver
Cytoprotection
Poisons
Nutrition
Dietary Supplements
Infiltration
Oxidants
Glutathione
Rats
Animals
Diet
Substrates

Keywords

  • Alcohol
  • Betaine
  • Rats
  • S-Adenosylmethionine
  • Steatosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Toxicology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

Cite this

The effect of betaine in reversing alcoholic steatosis. / Barak, Anthony J.; Beckenhauer, Harriet C.; Badakhsh, Shahrokh; Tuma, Dean J.

In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, Vol. 21, No. 6, 01.01.1997, p. 1100-1102.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Barak, Anthony J. ; Beckenhauer, Harriet C. ; Badakhsh, Shahrokh ; Tuma, Dean J. / The effect of betaine in reversing alcoholic steatosis. In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research. 1997 ; Vol. 21, No. 6. pp. 1100-1102.
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