The effect of antecolic versus retrocolic reconstruction on delayed gastric emptying after classic non-pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy

Klaus Sahora, Vicente Morales-Oyarvide, Sarah P. Thayer, Christina R. Ferrone, Andrew L. Warshaw, Keith D. Lillemoe, Carlos Fernández-Del Castillo

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17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Delayed gastric emptying (DGE) after pancreaticoduodenectomy increases length of hospital stay and costs, and may be influenced by surgical techniques. Methods We retrospectively compared 400 patients with antecolic gastrojejunostomy with 400 patients with retrocolic gastrojejunostomy for the occurrence of DGE. Results The prevalence of DGE was 15% in the antecolic group and 21% in the retrocolic group (P =.021), and median length of stay was shorter for the former (8 vs 10 days, P =.001). The difference was statistically significant with grade A DGE (9% vs 14%, P =.038), but not B or C. In a multivariate analysis, DGE was influenced by retrocolic reconstruction, as well as older age, chronic pancreatitis, preoperative bilirubin level, a history of previous upper abdominal surgery, and postoperative pancreatic fistula. Conclusions An antecolic gastrojejunostomy for classic non-pylorus-preserving pancreaticoduodenectomy is associated with a lower incidence of mild DGE (grade A) and a shorter length of stay.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1028-1035
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican journal of surgery
Volume209
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Antecolic
  • Delayed gastric emptying
  • Pancreaticoduodenectomy
  • Reconstruction
  • Retrocolic
  • Whipple resection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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