The differential risk factors of physically forced and alcohol- or other drug-enabled sexual assault among university women

Christopher P. Krebs, Christine H. Lindquist, Tara D. Warner, Bonnie S. Fisher, Sandra L. Martin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Campus Sexual Assault Study examined whether undergraduate women's victimization experiences prior to college and lifestyle activities during college were differentially associated with the type of sexual assault they experienced: physically forced sexual assault and incapacitated sexual assault. Self-reported data collected using a Web-based survey administered to more than 5,000 undergraduate women at two large public universities indicated that victimization experiences before college were differentially associated with the risk of experiencing these two types of sexual assault during college. Women who experienced forced sexual assault before college were at very high risk of experiencing forced sexual assault during college (odds ratio [OR] = 6.6). Women who experienced incapacitated sexual assault before college were also at very high risk of experiencing incapacitated sexual assault during college (OR = 3.7). Moreover, women's substance use behaviors during college, including getting drunk and using marijuana, were strongly associated with experiencing incapacitated sexual assault but were not associated with experiencing forced sexual assault. Implications for education and prevention programs, as well as future research directions, are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)302-321
Number of pages20
JournalViolence and Victims
Volume24
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

women's university
assault
alcohol
Alcohols
drug
Crime Victims
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Odds Ratio
Cannabis
Life Style
victimization
Education
experience

Keywords

  • Incapacitated
  • Risk factors
  • Sexual assault
  • Sexual victimization
  • Sexual violence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Health(social science)
  • Law

Cite this

The differential risk factors of physically forced and alcohol- or other drug-enabled sexual assault among university women. / Krebs, Christopher P.; Lindquist, Christine H.; Warner, Tara D.; Fisher, Bonnie S.; Martin, Sandra L.

In: Violence and Victims, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2009, p. 302-321.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Krebs, Christopher P. ; Lindquist, Christine H. ; Warner, Tara D. ; Fisher, Bonnie S. ; Martin, Sandra L. / The differential risk factors of physically forced and alcohol- or other drug-enabled sexual assault among university women. In: Violence and Victims. 2009 ; Vol. 24, No. 3. pp. 302-321.
@article{0e2f10a13d644de084919cf2a963529b,
title = "The differential risk factors of physically forced and alcohol- or other drug-enabled sexual assault among university women",
abstract = "The Campus Sexual Assault Study examined whether undergraduate women's victimization experiences prior to college and lifestyle activities during college were differentially associated with the type of sexual assault they experienced: physically forced sexual assault and incapacitated sexual assault. Self-reported data collected using a Web-based survey administered to more than 5,000 undergraduate women at two large public universities indicated that victimization experiences before college were differentially associated with the risk of experiencing these two types of sexual assault during college. Women who experienced forced sexual assault before college were at very high risk of experiencing forced sexual assault during college (odds ratio [OR] = 6.6). Women who experienced incapacitated sexual assault before college were also at very high risk of experiencing incapacitated sexual assault during college (OR = 3.7). Moreover, women's substance use behaviors during college, including getting drunk and using marijuana, were strongly associated with experiencing incapacitated sexual assault but were not associated with experiencing forced sexual assault. Implications for education and prevention programs, as well as future research directions, are discussed.",
keywords = "Incapacitated, Risk factors, Sexual assault, Sexual victimization, Sexual violence",
author = "Krebs, {Christopher P.} and Lindquist, {Christine H.} and Warner, {Tara D.} and Fisher, {Bonnie S.} and Martin, {Sandra L.}",
year = "2009",
doi = "10.1891/0886-6708.24.3.302",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "24",
pages = "302--321",
journal = "Violence and Victims",
issn = "0886-6708",
publisher = "Springer Publishing Company",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The differential risk factors of physically forced and alcohol- or other drug-enabled sexual assault among university women

AU - Krebs, Christopher P.

AU - Lindquist, Christine H.

AU - Warner, Tara D.

AU - Fisher, Bonnie S.

AU - Martin, Sandra L.

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - The Campus Sexual Assault Study examined whether undergraduate women's victimization experiences prior to college and lifestyle activities during college were differentially associated with the type of sexual assault they experienced: physically forced sexual assault and incapacitated sexual assault. Self-reported data collected using a Web-based survey administered to more than 5,000 undergraduate women at two large public universities indicated that victimization experiences before college were differentially associated with the risk of experiencing these two types of sexual assault during college. Women who experienced forced sexual assault before college were at very high risk of experiencing forced sexual assault during college (odds ratio [OR] = 6.6). Women who experienced incapacitated sexual assault before college were also at very high risk of experiencing incapacitated sexual assault during college (OR = 3.7). Moreover, women's substance use behaviors during college, including getting drunk and using marijuana, were strongly associated with experiencing incapacitated sexual assault but were not associated with experiencing forced sexual assault. Implications for education and prevention programs, as well as future research directions, are discussed.

AB - The Campus Sexual Assault Study examined whether undergraduate women's victimization experiences prior to college and lifestyle activities during college were differentially associated with the type of sexual assault they experienced: physically forced sexual assault and incapacitated sexual assault. Self-reported data collected using a Web-based survey administered to more than 5,000 undergraduate women at two large public universities indicated that victimization experiences before college were differentially associated with the risk of experiencing these two types of sexual assault during college. Women who experienced forced sexual assault before college were at very high risk of experiencing forced sexual assault during college (odds ratio [OR] = 6.6). Women who experienced incapacitated sexual assault before college were also at very high risk of experiencing incapacitated sexual assault during college (OR = 3.7). Moreover, women's substance use behaviors during college, including getting drunk and using marijuana, were strongly associated with experiencing incapacitated sexual assault but were not associated with experiencing forced sexual assault. Implications for education and prevention programs, as well as future research directions, are discussed.

KW - Incapacitated

KW - Risk factors

KW - Sexual assault

KW - Sexual victimization

KW - Sexual violence

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=66349123310&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=66349123310&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1891/0886-6708.24.3.302

DO - 10.1891/0886-6708.24.3.302

M3 - Article

C2 - 19634358

AN - SCOPUS:66349123310

VL - 24

SP - 302

EP - 321

JO - Violence and Victims

JF - Violence and Victims

SN - 0886-6708

IS - 3

ER -