The cross-national market in human beings

Julia R. Pennington, A. Dwayne Ball, Ronald D. Hampton, Julia N Soulakova

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Human trafficking, as defined here, is moving human beings across borders for the purpose of enslaving them. Human trafficking may be in the sex trade, forced labor or service, extraction of body parts, or other forms of exploited labor or debt bondage. The market is believed to be extensive, with its own distribution channels, pricing systems, and other market functions. The purposes of this article are to present an understanding of cross-border human trafficking as a marketing system, to explicate the societal effects of that system, and to show how the extent of cross-border trafficking may be estimated, using as an example several countries where it is believed to be a substantial problem. Additionally, we seek to show that cross-border human trafficking may be a much more serious problem than what is visible to governments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)119-134
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Macromarketing
Volume29
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2 2009

Fingerprint

Cross-national
Human trafficking
Cross-border
Labor
Distribution channels
Marketing systems
Pricing
Debt
Government

Keywords

  • Hidden populations
  • Human trafficking
  • Marketing system
  • Slavery
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Marketing

Cite this

Pennington, J. R., Ball, A. D., Hampton, R. D., & Soulakova, J. N. (2009). The cross-national market in human beings. Journal of Macromarketing, 29(2), 119-134. https://doi.org/10.1177/0276146708327630

The cross-national market in human beings. / Pennington, Julia R.; Ball, A. Dwayne; Hampton, Ronald D.; Soulakova, Julia N.

In: Journal of Macromarketing, Vol. 29, No. 2, 02.06.2009, p. 119-134.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Pennington, JR, Ball, AD, Hampton, RD & Soulakova, JN 2009, 'The cross-national market in human beings', Journal of Macromarketing, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 119-134. https://doi.org/10.1177/0276146708327630
Pennington JR, Ball AD, Hampton RD, Soulakova JN. The cross-national market in human beings. Journal of Macromarketing. 2009 Jun 2;29(2):119-134. https://doi.org/10.1177/0276146708327630
Pennington, Julia R. ; Ball, A. Dwayne ; Hampton, Ronald D. ; Soulakova, Julia N. / The cross-national market in human beings. In: Journal of Macromarketing. 2009 ; Vol. 29, No. 2. pp. 119-134.
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