Interleukin-1 (IL-1) and interleukin-6 (IL-6), two early-response cytokines expressed during an acute inflammatory reaction, regulate the expression of several acute phase proteins (APP) in the liver. IL-1 relays its signal to specific genes via NF-κB, whereas IL-6 sends its signal to the nucleus via STATα and STAT3. Interestingly, overlapping binding sites for STAT3 and NF-κB can be found on promoters of several APP genes. We show here that both STAT3 and NF-κB are active during inflammation and are capable of binding to a STAT3/NF-κB overlapping DNA motif derived from the α2-macroglobulin gene promoter. In vitro binding assays demonstrated that NF-κB competes with STAT3 binding on this probe. Our results suggest that these transcription factors regulate each others' function through competition for overlapping DNA binding sites.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Aug 8 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology