Metastasis-associated protein 3 (MTA3) is a recently described cell-type specific component of the Mi-2-NURD transcriptional co-repressor complex that is expressed in breast epithelia and germinal centre B cells. In model B cell lines, MTA3 physically interacts with BCL6 and appears to be instrumental in maintenance of the germinal centre B cell transcriptional programme that precludes premature plasmacytic differentiation. Here, we report selective, in situ cell-type specific expression of MTA3 among lymphoid cells largely confined to the germinal centre B cell compartment. Centroblasts display greater expression than smaller, less proliferative centrocytes, with undetectable expression in quiescent plasma cells. Among B cell neoplasms, germinal centre B cell-like lymphomas likewise exhibit selective expression that generally escalates with increasing proliferative capacity. MTA3 protein expression was, in accord, highly predictive of the germinal centre B cell-like gene expression profile for diffuse large B cell lymphomas. Lastly, relative repression of a subset of known BCL6 targets, including BLIMP1 and p27kip1, was highest in diffuse large B cell lymphomas that co-expressed both MTA3 and BCL6 protein. Together, these novel data suggest a role for MTA3 in BCL6-mediated lymphomagenesis in germinal centre B cell-like neoplasms.