The ATP:Co(I)rrinoid adenosyltransferase (CobA) enzyme of Salmonella enterica requires the 2′-OH group of ATP for function and yields inorganic triphosphate as its reaction byproduct

Maris V. Fonseca, Nicole R Buan, Alexander R. Horswill, Ivan Rayment, Jorge C. Escalante-Semerena

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The specificity of the ATP:corrinoid adenosyltransferase (CobA) enzyme of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium LT2 for its nucleotide substrate was tested using ATP analogs and alternative nucleotide donors. The enzyme showed broad specificity for the nucleotide base and required the 2′-OH group of the ribosyl moiety of ATP for activity. 31P NMR spectroscopy was used to identify inorganic triphosphate (PPPi) as the byproduct of the reaction catalyzed by the CobA enzyme. Cleavage of triphosphate into pyrophosphate and orthophosphate did not occur, indicating that triphosphate cleavage was not required for release of the adenosylcorrinoid product. Triphosphate was a strong inhibitor of the reaction, with 85% of CobA activity lost when the ATP/PPPi ratio present in the reaction mixture was 1:2.5.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33127-33131
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume277
Issue number36
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 6 2002

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Salmonella
Salmonella enterica
Byproducts
Adenosine Triphosphate
Nucleotides
Enzymes
Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy
Phosphates
ATP-corrinoid adenosyltransferase
triphosphoric acid
2-hydroxyadenosine-5'-triphosphate
Substrates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

The ATP:Co(I)rrinoid adenosyltransferase (CobA) enzyme of Salmonella enterica requires the 2′-OH group of ATP for function and yields inorganic triphosphate as its reaction byproduct. / Fonseca, Maris V.; Buan, Nicole R; Horswill, Alexander R.; Rayment, Ivan; Escalante-Semerena, Jorge C.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 277, No. 36, 06.09.2002, p. 33127-33131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The specificity of the ATP:corrinoid adenosyltransferase (CobA) enzyme of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium LT2 for its nucleotide substrate was tested using ATP analogs and alternative nucleotide donors. The enzyme showed broad specificity for the nucleotide base and required the 2′-OH group of the ribosyl moiety of ATP for activity. 31P NMR spectroscopy was used to identify inorganic triphosphate (PPPi) as the byproduct of the reaction catalyzed by the CobA enzyme. Cleavage of triphosphate into pyrophosphate and orthophosphate did not occur, indicating that triphosphate cleavage was not required for release of the adenosylcorrinoid product. Triphosphate was a strong inhibitor of the reaction, with 85% of CobA activity lost when the ATP/PPPi ratio present in the reaction mixture was 1:2.5.

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