The association of lone-motherhood with smoking cessation and relapse: Prospective results from an Australian national study

Mohammad Siahpush, Raees A. Shaikh, Melissa K Tibbits, Terry T K Huang, Gopal K. Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


The aims were to examine the association of lone-motherhood with smoking cessation and relapse, and to investigate the extent to which this association was accounted for by socioeconomic status (education, occupation, and income), social support, and mental health. We used data from 10 yearly waves (2001 to 2010) of the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey. Response rate in the first wave was 66%. Logistic regression was used to examine the effect of lone-motherhood and other covariates on smoking cessation (n = 2,878) and relapse (n = 3,242). Results showed that the age-adjusted odds of smoking cessation were 32% smaller among lone mothers than partnered mothers (p = 0.004). The age-adjusted odds of relapse was 172% greater among lone mothers than partnered mothers (p < 0.001). We found that socioeconomic status, social support, and mental health account for some of the association of lone motherhood and cessation and relapse. While efforts to reduce the smoking prevalence among lone mothers should focus on their material deprivation, availability of social support, and addressing mental health issues, other factors unique to the lives of lone mothers also need to be taken into account. More research is needed to discover other factors that can explain the association of lone-motherhood and smoking behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2906-2919
Number of pages14
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2013



  • Lone-motherhood
  • Relapse
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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