The Association of Gasoline Prices With Hospital Utilization and Costs for Motorcycle and Nonmotorcycle Motor Vehicle Injuries in the United States

H. Zhu, Fernando Wilson, Jim P. Stimpson, Ozgur Araz, Jungyoon Kim, Baojiang Chen, Li Tzy Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: This study examined the association between gasoline prices and hospitalizations for motorcycle and nonmotorcycle motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries. Methods: Data on inpatient hospitalizations were obtained from the 2001 to 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Panel feasible generalized least squares models were used to estimate the effects of monthly inflation-adjusted gasoline prices on hospitalization rates for MVC injuries and to predict the impact of increasing gasoline taxes. Results: On the basis of the available data, a $1.00 increase in the gasoline tax was associated with an estimated 8348 fewer annual hospitalizations for nonmotorcycle MVC injuries, and reduced hospital costs by $143 million. However, the increase in the gasoline tax was also associated with an estimated 3574 more annual hospitalizations for motorcycle crash injuries, and extended hospital costs by $73 million. Conclusions: This analysis of some existing data suggest that the increased utilization and costs of hospitalization from motorcycle crash injuries associated with an increase in the price of gasoline are likely to substantially offset reductions in nonmotorcycle MVC injuries. A policy decision to increase the gasoline tax could improve traffic safety if the increased tax is paired with public health interventions to improve motorcycle safety.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)837-844
Number of pages8
JournalMedical Care
Volume54
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2016

Fingerprint

Motorcycles
Gasoline
Hospital Costs
Motor Vehicles
Hospitalization
Wounds and Injuries
Inpatients
Safety
Taxes
Economic Inflation
Least-Squares Analysis
Public Health
Costs and Cost Analysis

Keywords

  • fuel tax
  • gasoline price
  • hospitalization
  • motorcycle
  • traffic safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

The Association of Gasoline Prices With Hospital Utilization and Costs for Motorcycle and Nonmotorcycle Motor Vehicle Injuries in the United States. / Zhu, H.; Wilson, Fernando; Stimpson, Jim P.; Araz, Ozgur; Kim, Jungyoon; Chen, Baojiang; Wu, Li Tzy.

In: Medical Care, Vol. 54, No. 9, 01.09.2016, p. 837-844.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{274d95db2b034ad98281ff43e8f47093,
title = "The Association of Gasoline Prices With Hospital Utilization and Costs for Motorcycle and Nonmotorcycle Motor Vehicle Injuries in the United States",
abstract = "Objectives: This study examined the association between gasoline prices and hospitalizations for motorcycle and nonmotorcycle motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries. Methods: Data on inpatient hospitalizations were obtained from the 2001 to 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Panel feasible generalized least squares models were used to estimate the effects of monthly inflation-adjusted gasoline prices on hospitalization rates for MVC injuries and to predict the impact of increasing gasoline taxes. Results: On the basis of the available data, a $1.00 increase in the gasoline tax was associated with an estimated 8348 fewer annual hospitalizations for nonmotorcycle MVC injuries, and reduced hospital costs by $143 million. However, the increase in the gasoline tax was also associated with an estimated 3574 more annual hospitalizations for motorcycle crash injuries, and extended hospital costs by $73 million. Conclusions: This analysis of some existing data suggest that the increased utilization and costs of hospitalization from motorcycle crash injuries associated with an increase in the price of gasoline are likely to substantially offset reductions in nonmotorcycle MVC injuries. A policy decision to increase the gasoline tax could improve traffic safety if the increased tax is paired with public health interventions to improve motorcycle safety.",
keywords = "fuel tax, gasoline price, hospitalization, motorcycle, traffic safety",
author = "H. Zhu and Fernando Wilson and Stimpson, {Jim P.} and Ozgur Araz and Jungyoon Kim and Baojiang Chen and Wu, {Li Tzy}",
year = "2016",
month = "9",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/MLR.0000000000000553",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "54",
pages = "837--844",
journal = "Medical Care",
issn = "0025-7079",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "9",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Association of Gasoline Prices With Hospital Utilization and Costs for Motorcycle and Nonmotorcycle Motor Vehicle Injuries in the United States

AU - Zhu, H.

AU - Wilson, Fernando

AU - Stimpson, Jim P.

AU - Araz, Ozgur

AU - Kim, Jungyoon

AU - Chen, Baojiang

AU - Wu, Li Tzy

PY - 2016/9/1

Y1 - 2016/9/1

N2 - Objectives: This study examined the association between gasoline prices and hospitalizations for motorcycle and nonmotorcycle motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries. Methods: Data on inpatient hospitalizations were obtained from the 2001 to 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Panel feasible generalized least squares models were used to estimate the effects of monthly inflation-adjusted gasoline prices on hospitalization rates for MVC injuries and to predict the impact of increasing gasoline taxes. Results: On the basis of the available data, a $1.00 increase in the gasoline tax was associated with an estimated 8348 fewer annual hospitalizations for nonmotorcycle MVC injuries, and reduced hospital costs by $143 million. However, the increase in the gasoline tax was also associated with an estimated 3574 more annual hospitalizations for motorcycle crash injuries, and extended hospital costs by $73 million. Conclusions: This analysis of some existing data suggest that the increased utilization and costs of hospitalization from motorcycle crash injuries associated with an increase in the price of gasoline are likely to substantially offset reductions in nonmotorcycle MVC injuries. A policy decision to increase the gasoline tax could improve traffic safety if the increased tax is paired with public health interventions to improve motorcycle safety.

AB - Objectives: This study examined the association between gasoline prices and hospitalizations for motorcycle and nonmotorcycle motor vehicle crash (MVC) injuries. Methods: Data on inpatient hospitalizations were obtained from the 2001 to 2010 Nationwide Inpatient Sample. Panel feasible generalized least squares models were used to estimate the effects of monthly inflation-adjusted gasoline prices on hospitalization rates for MVC injuries and to predict the impact of increasing gasoline taxes. Results: On the basis of the available data, a $1.00 increase in the gasoline tax was associated with an estimated 8348 fewer annual hospitalizations for nonmotorcycle MVC injuries, and reduced hospital costs by $143 million. However, the increase in the gasoline tax was also associated with an estimated 3574 more annual hospitalizations for motorcycle crash injuries, and extended hospital costs by $73 million. Conclusions: This analysis of some existing data suggest that the increased utilization and costs of hospitalization from motorcycle crash injuries associated with an increase in the price of gasoline are likely to substantially offset reductions in nonmotorcycle MVC injuries. A policy decision to increase the gasoline tax could improve traffic safety if the increased tax is paired with public health interventions to improve motorcycle safety.

KW - fuel tax

KW - gasoline price

KW - hospitalization

KW - motorcycle

KW - traffic safety

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84973904830&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84973904830&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000553

DO - 10.1097/MLR.0000000000000553

M3 - Article

C2 - 27116108

AN - SCOPUS:84973904830

VL - 54

SP - 837

EP - 844

JO - Medical Care

JF - Medical Care

SN - 0025-7079

IS - 9

ER -