The β0‐thalassemia in an American black family is due to a single nucleotide substitution in the acceptor splice junction of the second intervening sequence

B. J. Padanilam, T. H.J. Huisman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

An AG dinucleotide is an invariant feature of all acceptor splice sites, and deletion or substitution of (one of) these nucleotides will result in abnormal processing of the β‐globin mRNA. Restriction endonuclease mapping of DNA from an American black patient with Hb S‐β0‐thalassemia failed to detect any deletion in the β0‐globin gene region, but cloning and sequencing of the β0‐globin gene showed a point mutation (A → C) in the highly conserved dinucleotide AG of the acceptor splice junction of the IVS‐2. Blot hybridization analysis of RNA prepared from the erythroid cells of the patient showed only RNA of normal size. The patient and her daughter, who has the same condition, have high levels of Hb F (27%–35%); the mechanism responsible for the greatly increased γ chain production remains unclear.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)259-263
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Hematology
Volume22
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1986

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Keywords

  • DNA cloning
  • DNA sequencing
  • Hb F
  • S‐β‐thalassemia
  • nucleotide substitution
  • splice site
  • γ level

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology

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