Tetrahydrobiopterin, a cofactor for NOS, improves endothelial dysfunction during chronic alcohol consumption

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Abstract

We sought to investigate mechanisms that may account for impaired nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent dilatation of cerebral arterioles during alcohol consumption. Our goals were to examine 1) the effect of exogenous application of a cofactor for NOS, i.e., tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) on the reactivity of pial arterioles during alcohol consumption; and 2) endothelial NOS (eNOS) protein in nonalcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 2-3 mo. We measured in vivo diameter of pial arterioles in response to NOS-dependent agonists (ACh and ADP) and a NOS-independent agonist (nitroglycerin) before and during application of BH4. Blood vessels were then harvested for Western blot analysis of eNOS protein. In nonalcohol-fed rats, ACh and ADP produced vasodilatation, which was impaired in alcohol-fed rats. Vasodilatation to nitroglycerin was similar in both groups of rats. Application of BH4 did not alter vasodilatation in nonalcohol-fed rats but improved impaired vasodilatation in alcohol-fed rats. Also, eNOS protein in cerebral cortex microvessels, the basilar artery, and aorta was not different between nonalcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Thus impaired NOS-dependent vasodilatation during alcohol consumption does not appear to be related to an alteration in eNOS protein but may be related to a deficiency and/or alteration in the utilization of BH4.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H1863-H1869
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume281
Issue number5 50-5
StatePublished - Dec 18 2001

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Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
Alcohol Drinking
Vasodilation
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Alcohols
Arterioles
Nitroglycerin
Adenosine Diphosphate
Proteins
Basilar Artery
Microvessels
sapropterin
Cerebral Cortex
Blood Vessels
Sprague Dawley Rats
Aorta
Dilatation
Western Blotting
Diet

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Adenosine 5′-diphospate
  • Brain
  • Cerebral arterioles
  • Endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein
  • Nitroglycerin
  • Rats
  • Reactivity
  • Stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Tetrahydrobiopterin, a cofactor for NOS, improves endothelial dysfunction during chronic alcohol consumption",
abstract = "We sought to investigate mechanisms that may account for impaired nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent dilatation of cerebral arterioles during alcohol consumption. Our goals were to examine 1) the effect of exogenous application of a cofactor for NOS, i.e., tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) on the reactivity of pial arterioles during alcohol consumption; and 2) endothelial NOS (eNOS) protein in nonalcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 2-3 mo. We measured in vivo diameter of pial arterioles in response to NOS-dependent agonists (ACh and ADP) and a NOS-independent agonist (nitroglycerin) before and during application of BH4. Blood vessels were then harvested for Western blot analysis of eNOS protein. In nonalcohol-fed rats, ACh and ADP produced vasodilatation, which was impaired in alcohol-fed rats. Vasodilatation to nitroglycerin was similar in both groups of rats. Application of BH4 did not alter vasodilatation in nonalcohol-fed rats but improved impaired vasodilatation in alcohol-fed rats. Also, eNOS protein in cerebral cortex microvessels, the basilar artery, and aorta was not different between nonalcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Thus impaired NOS-dependent vasodilatation during alcohol consumption does not appear to be related to an alteration in eNOS protein but may be related to a deficiency and/or alteration in the utilization of BH4.",
keywords = "Acetylcholine, Adenosine 5′-diphospate, Brain, Cerebral arterioles, Endothelial nitric oxide synthase protein, Nitroglycerin, Rats, Reactivity, Stroke",
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T1 - Tetrahydrobiopterin, a cofactor for NOS, improves endothelial dysfunction during chronic alcohol consumption

AU - Sun, Hong

AU - Patel, Kaushik P.

AU - Mayhan, William G.

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N2 - We sought to investigate mechanisms that may account for impaired nitric oxide synthase (NOS)-dependent dilatation of cerebral arterioles during alcohol consumption. Our goals were to examine 1) the effect of exogenous application of a cofactor for NOS, i.e., tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) on the reactivity of pial arterioles during alcohol consumption; and 2) endothelial NOS (eNOS) protein in nonalcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 2-3 mo. We measured in vivo diameter of pial arterioles in response to NOS-dependent agonists (ACh and ADP) and a NOS-independent agonist (nitroglycerin) before and during application of BH4. Blood vessels were then harvested for Western blot analysis of eNOS protein. In nonalcohol-fed rats, ACh and ADP produced vasodilatation, which was impaired in alcohol-fed rats. Vasodilatation to nitroglycerin was similar in both groups of rats. Application of BH4 did not alter vasodilatation in nonalcohol-fed rats but improved impaired vasodilatation in alcohol-fed rats. Also, eNOS protein in cerebral cortex microvessels, the basilar artery, and aorta was not different between nonalcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Thus impaired NOS-dependent vasodilatation during alcohol consumption does not appear to be related to an alteration in eNOS protein but may be related to a deficiency and/or alteration in the utilization of BH4.

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