Testing the Influence of Community Characteristics on School Misconduct

Todd A. Armstrong, Gaylene S. Armstrong, Charles M. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study examines the effect of dynamic and structural community characteristics on school misconduct. Data include over 45,000 students in the eighth, tenth, or twelfth grade in 237 schools. Hierarchical linear models tested the direct and interactive effects of community measures, while accounting for student and school characteristics. Community substance abuse norms as well as perceptions of community crime and disorder mediated the influence of concentrated disadvantage on school misconduct. Interaction effects demonstrated that community substance abuse norms were more influential for students enrolled in schools that had a less positive school climate although individual and school characteristics remained robust predictors of school misconduct. School misconduct is influenced by the characteristics of the surrounding community and school context, as well as the interaction between those contexts. Research relying on census data measures of community characteristics may underestimate community influence on school misconduct, and omit proximal community influences on school misconduct.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)792-817
Number of pages26
JournalJustice Quarterly
Volume32
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 3 2015

Fingerprint

school
community
Students
substance abuse
Substance-Related Disorders
school climate
student
interaction
linear model
Censuses
Crime
Climate
census
Linear Models
school grade
offense
Research

Keywords

  • communities
  • juvenile delinquency
  • school misconduct

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

Testing the Influence of Community Characteristics on School Misconduct. / Armstrong, Todd A.; Armstrong, Gaylene S.; Katz, Charles M.

In: Justice Quarterly, Vol. 32, No. 5, 03.09.2015, p. 792-817.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Armstrong, Todd A. ; Armstrong, Gaylene S. ; Katz, Charles M. / Testing the Influence of Community Characteristics on School Misconduct. In: Justice Quarterly. 2015 ; Vol. 32, No. 5. pp. 792-817.
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