Test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of athletic performance combine tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes

Zachary M. Gillen, Amelia A. Miramonti, Brianna D. McKay, Todd J. Leutzinger, Joel T. Cramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Athletic performance combine tests are used by high school, collegiate, and professional American football programs to evaluate performance; however, limited evidence is available on performance combine test results in youth athletes. The purposes of this study were to report test-retest reliability statistics and evaluate concurrent validity among combine performance tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes. Sixty-nine young male athletes (mean ± SD; age = 10.9 ± 2.1 years, height = 154.4 ± 13.6 cm, body mass = 46.8 ± 16.0 kg) were divided into 3 age groups: 6-9 years (n = 16), 10-11 years (n = 26), and 12-15 years (n = 27). Participants completed 2 attempts of the vertical jump (VJ), broad jump (BJ), pro-agility (PA), Lcone (LC) drill, and 10-, 20-, 40-yd dashes. The results indicated that the older age groups performed better on most performance assessments compared with the 6-9-year group (p ≤ 0.05). The combine tests demonstrated consistently adequate reliability for all age groups, except for the 10-yd dash, which was deemed unreliable. Evidence of concurrent validity, and possible measurement redundancy were observed in the VJ vs. BJ, PA vs. LC, and 20 vs. 40 yd, but zero- and first-order partial correlations suggested that only the PA and LC were redundant, and the PA may be superior for this age group over the LC. Although the VJ and BJ provide independent performance information regarding lower-body power, questions regarding the redundancy of the 20 vs. 40 yd remain unanswered from a measurement perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2783-2794
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of strength and conditioning research
Volume32
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Fingerprint

Athletic Performance
Reproducibility of Results
Athletes
Age Groups
Mandrillus
Football

Keywords

  • Agility
  • Athletic development
  • Power
  • Speed
  • Youth

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Cite this

Test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of athletic performance combine tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes. / Gillen, Zachary M.; Miramonti, Amelia A.; McKay, Brianna D.; Leutzinger, Todd J.; Cramer, Joel T.

In: Journal of strength and conditioning research, Vol. 32, No. 10, 01.01.2018, p. 2783-2794.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gillen, Zachary M. ; Miramonti, Amelia A. ; McKay, Brianna D. ; Leutzinger, Todd J. ; Cramer, Joel T. / Test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of athletic performance combine tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes. In: Journal of strength and conditioning research. 2018 ; Vol. 32, No. 10. pp. 2783-2794.
@article{817c22142fd44b46800b0d1408b17634,
title = "Test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of athletic performance combine tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes",
abstract = "Athletic performance combine tests are used by high school, collegiate, and professional American football programs to evaluate performance; however, limited evidence is available on performance combine test results in youth athletes. The purposes of this study were to report test-retest reliability statistics and evaluate concurrent validity among combine performance tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes. Sixty-nine young male athletes (mean ± SD; age = 10.9 ± 2.1 years, height = 154.4 ± 13.6 cm, body mass = 46.8 ± 16.0 kg) were divided into 3 age groups: 6-9 years (n = 16), 10-11 years (n = 26), and 12-15 years (n = 27). Participants completed 2 attempts of the vertical jump (VJ), broad jump (BJ), pro-agility (PA), Lcone (LC) drill, and 10-, 20-, 40-yd dashes. The results indicated that the older age groups performed better on most performance assessments compared with the 6-9-year group (p ≤ 0.05). The combine tests demonstrated consistently adequate reliability for all age groups, except for the 10-yd dash, which was deemed unreliable. Evidence of concurrent validity, and possible measurement redundancy were observed in the VJ vs. BJ, PA vs. LC, and 20 vs. 40 yd, but zero- and first-order partial correlations suggested that only the PA and LC were redundant, and the PA may be superior for this age group over the LC. Although the VJ and BJ provide independent performance information regarding lower-body power, questions regarding the redundancy of the 20 vs. 40 yd remain unanswered from a measurement perspective.",
keywords = "Agility, Athletic development, Power, Speed, Youth",
author = "Gillen, {Zachary M.} and Miramonti, {Amelia A.} and McKay, {Brianna D.} and Leutzinger, {Todd J.} and Cramer, {Joel T.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1519/JSC.0000000000002498",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "32",
pages = "2783--2794",
journal = "Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research",
issn = "1064-8011",
publisher = "NSCA National Strength and Conditioning Association",
number = "10",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Test-retest reliability and concurrent validity of athletic performance combine tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes

AU - Gillen, Zachary M.

AU - Miramonti, Amelia A.

AU - McKay, Brianna D.

AU - Leutzinger, Todd J.

AU - Cramer, Joel T.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Athletic performance combine tests are used by high school, collegiate, and professional American football programs to evaluate performance; however, limited evidence is available on performance combine test results in youth athletes. The purposes of this study were to report test-retest reliability statistics and evaluate concurrent validity among combine performance tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes. Sixty-nine young male athletes (mean ± SD; age = 10.9 ± 2.1 years, height = 154.4 ± 13.6 cm, body mass = 46.8 ± 16.0 kg) were divided into 3 age groups: 6-9 years (n = 16), 10-11 years (n = 26), and 12-15 years (n = 27). Participants completed 2 attempts of the vertical jump (VJ), broad jump (BJ), pro-agility (PA), Lcone (LC) drill, and 10-, 20-, 40-yd dashes. The results indicated that the older age groups performed better on most performance assessments compared with the 6-9-year group (p ≤ 0.05). The combine tests demonstrated consistently adequate reliability for all age groups, except for the 10-yd dash, which was deemed unreliable. Evidence of concurrent validity, and possible measurement redundancy were observed in the VJ vs. BJ, PA vs. LC, and 20 vs. 40 yd, but zero- and first-order partial correlations suggested that only the PA and LC were redundant, and the PA may be superior for this age group over the LC. Although the VJ and BJ provide independent performance information regarding lower-body power, questions regarding the redundancy of the 20 vs. 40 yd remain unanswered from a measurement perspective.

AB - Athletic performance combine tests are used by high school, collegiate, and professional American football programs to evaluate performance; however, limited evidence is available on performance combine test results in youth athletes. The purposes of this study were to report test-retest reliability statistics and evaluate concurrent validity among combine performance tests in 6-15-year-old male athletes. Sixty-nine young male athletes (mean ± SD; age = 10.9 ± 2.1 years, height = 154.4 ± 13.6 cm, body mass = 46.8 ± 16.0 kg) were divided into 3 age groups: 6-9 years (n = 16), 10-11 years (n = 26), and 12-15 years (n = 27). Participants completed 2 attempts of the vertical jump (VJ), broad jump (BJ), pro-agility (PA), Lcone (LC) drill, and 10-, 20-, 40-yd dashes. The results indicated that the older age groups performed better on most performance assessments compared with the 6-9-year group (p ≤ 0.05). The combine tests demonstrated consistently adequate reliability for all age groups, except for the 10-yd dash, which was deemed unreliable. Evidence of concurrent validity, and possible measurement redundancy were observed in the VJ vs. BJ, PA vs. LC, and 20 vs. 40 yd, but zero- and first-order partial correlations suggested that only the PA and LC were redundant, and the PA may be superior for this age group over the LC. Although the VJ and BJ provide independent performance information regarding lower-body power, questions regarding the redundancy of the 20 vs. 40 yd remain unanswered from a measurement perspective.

KW - Agility

KW - Athletic development

KW - Power

KW - Speed

KW - Youth

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059903421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059903421&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002498

DO - 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002498

M3 - Article

C2 - 29465606

AN - SCOPUS:85059903421

VL - 32

SP - 2783

EP - 2794

JO - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

JF - Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research

SN - 1064-8011

IS - 10

ER -