Tensile properties of thermoplastic feather films grafted with different methacrylates

Zhen Shi, Narendra Reddy, Xiuliang Hou, Yiqi Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chicken feathers grafted with four different methacrylates show good potential to be made into inexpensive and biodegradable thermoplastics with high strength, excellent flexibility, and water stability. Feathers are available in large quantities and at a low price but have limited applications. Although thermoplastics have been developed from feathers by grafting acrylates and methacrylates, limited information is available on the properties of the thermoplastics and the effects of different methacrylate structures on the properties of thermoplastics. Similarly, the role of homopolymers on the properties of thermoplastics has also not been studied. In this research, feathers were grafted with methyl, ethyl, butyl, and hexyl methacrylates (MMA, EMA, BMA, and HMA, respectively), and the effects of graft polymerization conditions, such as monomer concentrations, temperature, and time of reaction, on the grafting parameters such as monomer conversion, %homopolymer, grafting efficiency, and molar grafting ratio were studied. Methacrylates were successfully grafted onto functional groups on the surfaces of the chicken feathers. Addition of homopolymers was crucial to obtain films with good strength, elongation, and water stability. Transparent feather films with strength up to 3.8 MPa and elongation of 2.5% were developed without the use of homopolymers. Films developed were also stable at high humidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1849-1856
Number of pages8
JournalACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering
Volume2
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 7 2014

Fingerprint

Methacrylates
feather
Tensile properties
Thermoplastics
Homopolymerization
Elongation
Monomers
Acrylates
Water
Grafts
Functional groups
Atmospheric humidity
polymerization
functional group
Polymerization
humidity
water
temperature
Temperature

Keywords

  • Chicken feathers
  • Films
  • Grafting
  • Stability
  • Thermoplastics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

Tensile properties of thermoplastic feather films grafted with different methacrylates. / Shi, Zhen; Reddy, Narendra; Hou, Xiuliang; Yang, Yiqi.

In: ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, Vol. 2, No. 7, 07.07.2014, p. 1849-1856.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{4dd8998debed49b3a392fd6f00285e41,
title = "Tensile properties of thermoplastic feather films grafted with different methacrylates",
abstract = "Chicken feathers grafted with four different methacrylates show good potential to be made into inexpensive and biodegradable thermoplastics with high strength, excellent flexibility, and water stability. Feathers are available in large quantities and at a low price but have limited applications. Although thermoplastics have been developed from feathers by grafting acrylates and methacrylates, limited information is available on the properties of the thermoplastics and the effects of different methacrylate structures on the properties of thermoplastics. Similarly, the role of homopolymers on the properties of thermoplastics has also not been studied. In this research, feathers were grafted with methyl, ethyl, butyl, and hexyl methacrylates (MMA, EMA, BMA, and HMA, respectively), and the effects of graft polymerization conditions, such as monomer concentrations, temperature, and time of reaction, on the grafting parameters such as monomer conversion, {\%}homopolymer, grafting efficiency, and molar grafting ratio were studied. Methacrylates were successfully grafted onto functional groups on the surfaces of the chicken feathers. Addition of homopolymers was crucial to obtain films with good strength, elongation, and water stability. Transparent feather films with strength up to 3.8 MPa and elongation of 2.5{\%} were developed without the use of homopolymers. Films developed were also stable at high humidities.",
keywords = "Chicken feathers, Films, Grafting, Stability, Thermoplastics",
author = "Zhen Shi and Narendra Reddy and Xiuliang Hou and Yiqi Yang",
year = "2014",
month = "7",
day = "7",
doi = "10.1021/sc500201q",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "2",
pages = "1849--1856",
journal = "ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering",
issn = "2168-0485",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Tensile properties of thermoplastic feather films grafted with different methacrylates

AU - Shi, Zhen

AU - Reddy, Narendra

AU - Hou, Xiuliang

AU - Yang, Yiqi

PY - 2014/7/7

Y1 - 2014/7/7

N2 - Chicken feathers grafted with four different methacrylates show good potential to be made into inexpensive and biodegradable thermoplastics with high strength, excellent flexibility, and water stability. Feathers are available in large quantities and at a low price but have limited applications. Although thermoplastics have been developed from feathers by grafting acrylates and methacrylates, limited information is available on the properties of the thermoplastics and the effects of different methacrylate structures on the properties of thermoplastics. Similarly, the role of homopolymers on the properties of thermoplastics has also not been studied. In this research, feathers were grafted with methyl, ethyl, butyl, and hexyl methacrylates (MMA, EMA, BMA, and HMA, respectively), and the effects of graft polymerization conditions, such as monomer concentrations, temperature, and time of reaction, on the grafting parameters such as monomer conversion, %homopolymer, grafting efficiency, and molar grafting ratio were studied. Methacrylates were successfully grafted onto functional groups on the surfaces of the chicken feathers. Addition of homopolymers was crucial to obtain films with good strength, elongation, and water stability. Transparent feather films with strength up to 3.8 MPa and elongation of 2.5% were developed without the use of homopolymers. Films developed were also stable at high humidities.

AB - Chicken feathers grafted with four different methacrylates show good potential to be made into inexpensive and biodegradable thermoplastics with high strength, excellent flexibility, and water stability. Feathers are available in large quantities and at a low price but have limited applications. Although thermoplastics have been developed from feathers by grafting acrylates and methacrylates, limited information is available on the properties of the thermoplastics and the effects of different methacrylate structures on the properties of thermoplastics. Similarly, the role of homopolymers on the properties of thermoplastics has also not been studied. In this research, feathers were grafted with methyl, ethyl, butyl, and hexyl methacrylates (MMA, EMA, BMA, and HMA, respectively), and the effects of graft polymerization conditions, such as monomer concentrations, temperature, and time of reaction, on the grafting parameters such as monomer conversion, %homopolymer, grafting efficiency, and molar grafting ratio were studied. Methacrylates were successfully grafted onto functional groups on the surfaces of the chicken feathers. Addition of homopolymers was crucial to obtain films with good strength, elongation, and water stability. Transparent feather films with strength up to 3.8 MPa and elongation of 2.5% were developed without the use of homopolymers. Films developed were also stable at high humidities.

KW - Chicken feathers

KW - Films

KW - Grafting

KW - Stability

KW - Thermoplastics

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84903955069&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84903955069&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1021/sc500201q

DO - 10.1021/sc500201q

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84903955069

VL - 2

SP - 1849

EP - 1856

JO - ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering

JF - ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering

SN - 2168-0485

IS - 7

ER -