Temporal resolution with a prescriptive fitting formula

Marc A. Brennan, Frederick J. Gallun, Pamela E. Souza, G. Christopher Stecker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Authors of previous work using laboratory-based paradigms documented that wide dynamic range compression (WDRC) may improve gap detection compared to linear amplification. The purpose of this study was to measure temporal resolution using WDRC fit with compression ratios set for each listener's hearing loss. Method: Nineteen adults with mild-to-moderate hearing loss fitted with WDRC or linear amplification set to a prescriptive fitting method participated in this study. Subjects detected amplitude modulations and gaps. Two types of noise carrier were used: narrowband (1995-2005 Hz) and broadband (100-8000 Hz). Results: Small differences between WDRC and linear amplification were observed in the measures of temporal resolution. Modulation detection thresholds worsened by a mean of 0.7 dB with WDRC compared to linear amplification. This reduction was observed for both carrier types. Gap detection thresholds did not differ between the 2 amplification conditions. Conclusions: WDRC set using a prescriptive fitting method with individualized compression ratios had a small but statistically significant effect on measures of modulation thresholds. Differences were not observed between the two amplification conditions for the measures of gap detection. These findings contrast with previous work using fixed compression ratios, suggesting that the effect of the fitting method on the compression ratio should be considered when attempting to generalize the effect of WDRC on temporal resolution to the clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)216-225
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican journal of audiology
Volume22
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013

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Keywords

  • Adults with hearing loss
  • Amplification or hearing aids
  • Psychoacoustics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Speech and Hearing

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