Temperature-dependent void formation and growth at ion-irradiated nanocrystalline CeO2-Si interfaces

Alejandro G. Perez-Bergquist, Yanwen Zhang, Tamas Varga, Sandra Moll, Fereydoon Namavar, William J. Weber

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ceria is a thermally stable ceramic that has numerous applications in the nuclear industry, including use in nuclear fuels and waste forms. Recently, interest has surged in nanostructured ceria due to its increased mechanical properties and electronic conductivity in comparison with bulk ceria and its ability to self-heal in response to energetic ion bombardment. Here, nanocrystalline ceria thin films grown over a silicon substrate are irradiated to fluences of up to ∼4 × 1016 ions/cm2 under different irradiation conditions: with differing ion species (Si+ and Ni+), different ion energies (1.0-1.5 MeV), and at varying temperatures (160-600 K). While the nanocrystalline ceria is found to exhibit exceptional radiation resistance under all tested conditions, severe ion irradiation-induced mixing, void formation, and void growth are observed at the ceria/silicon interface, with the degree of damage proving to be temperature dependent.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)66-72
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms
Volume325
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 15 2014

Fingerprint

Cerium compounds
voids
Ions
ions
Ion bombardment
Temperature
temperature
nuclear fuels
radioactive wastes
silicon
radiation tolerance
ion irradiation
bombardment
Silicon
fluence
Nuclear industry
industries
Nuclear fuels
mechanical properties
ceramics

Keywords

  • Ceria
  • Ion irradiation
  • Transmission electron microscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Temperature-dependent void formation and growth at ion-irradiated nanocrystalline CeO2-Si interfaces. / Perez-Bergquist, Alejandro G.; Zhang, Yanwen; Varga, Tamas; Moll, Sandra; Namavar, Fereydoon; Weber, William J.

In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms, Vol. 325, 15.04.2014, p. 66-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Perez-Bergquist, Alejandro G. ; Zhang, Yanwen ; Varga, Tamas ; Moll, Sandra ; Namavar, Fereydoon ; Weber, William J. / Temperature-dependent void formation and growth at ion-irradiated nanocrystalline CeO2-Si interfaces. In: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research, Section B: Beam Interactions with Materials and Atoms. 2014 ; Vol. 325. pp. 66-72.
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