Technical Note: Fabricating Cerrobend grids with 3D printing for spatially modulated radiation therapy: A feasibility study

Xiaofeng Zhu, Joseph Driewer, Sicong Li, Vivek Verma, Yu Lei, Mutian Zhang, Qinghui Zhang, Dandan Zheng, Timothy Cullip, Sha X. Chang, Andrew Z. Wang, Sumin Zhou, Charles Arthur Enke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: Grid therapy has promising applications in the radiation treatment of large tumors. However, research and applications of grid therapy are limited by the accessibility of the specialized blocks that produce the grid of pencil-like radiation beams. In this study, a Cerrobend grid block was fabricated using the 3D printing technique. Methods: A grid block mold was designed with flared tubes which follow the divergence of the beam. The mold was 3D printed using a resin with the working temperature below 230°C. The melted Cerrobend liquid at 120°C was cast into the resin mold to yield a block with a thickness of 7.4 cm. At the isocenter plane, the grid had a hexagonal pattern, with each pencil beam diameter of 1.4 cm; the distance between the beam centers was 2.1 cm. Results: The dosimetric properties of the grid block were studied using small field dosimeters: a pinpoint ionization chamber and a stereotactic diode. For a 6 MV photon beam, its valley-to-peak ratio was 20% at dmax and 30% at 10 cm depth; the output factor was 84.9% at dmax and 65.1% at 10 cm depth. Conclusions: This study demonstrates that it is feasible to implement 3D printing technique in applying grid therapy in clinic.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6269-6273
Number of pages5
JournalMedical physics
Volume42
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

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Feasibility Studies
Radiotherapy
Fungi
Radiation
Therapeutics
Photons
Temperature
Three Dimensional Printing
Research
Neoplasms

Keywords

  • 3-D printing
  • Cerrobend
  • grid therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Technical Note : Fabricating Cerrobend grids with 3D printing for spatially modulated radiation therapy: A feasibility study. / Zhu, Xiaofeng; Driewer, Joseph; Li, Sicong; Verma, Vivek; Lei, Yu; Zhang, Mutian; Zhang, Qinghui; Zheng, Dandan; Cullip, Timothy; Chang, Sha X.; Wang, Andrew Z.; Zhou, Sumin; Enke, Charles Arthur.

In: Medical physics, Vol. 42, No. 11, 01.11.2015, p. 6269-6273.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Zhu, Xiaofeng ; Driewer, Joseph ; Li, Sicong ; Verma, Vivek ; Lei, Yu ; Zhang, Mutian ; Zhang, Qinghui ; Zheng, Dandan ; Cullip, Timothy ; Chang, Sha X. ; Wang, Andrew Z. ; Zhou, Sumin ; Enke, Charles Arthur. / Technical Note : Fabricating Cerrobend grids with 3D printing for spatially modulated radiation therapy: A feasibility study. In: Medical physics. 2015 ; Vol. 42, No. 11. pp. 6269-6273.
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