Targeted disruption of the α-amylase gene in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus

Penny Worthington, Viet Hoang, Francisco Perez-Pomares, Paul Blum

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

107 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Sulfolobus solfataricus secretes an acid-resistant α-amylase (amyA) during growth on starch as the sole carbon and energy source. Synthesis of this activity is subject to catabolite repression. To better understand α-amylase function and regulation, the structural gene was identified and disrupted and the resulting mutant was characterized. Internal α-amylase peptide sequences obtained by tandem mass spectroscopy were used to identify the amyA coding sequence. Anti-α-amylase antibodies raised against the purified protein immunoprecipitated secreted α-amylase activity and verified the enzymatic identity of the sequenced protein. A new gene replacement method was used to disrupt the amyA coding sequence by insertion of a modified allele of the S. solfataricus lacS gene. PCR and DNA sequence analysis were used to characterize the altered amyA locus in the recombinant strain. The amyA::lacS mutant lost the ability to grow on starch, glycogen, or pullulan as sole carbon and energy sources. During growth on a non-catabolite-repressing carbon source with added starch, the mutant produced no detectable secreted amylase activity as determined by enzyme assay, plate assay, or Western blot analysis. These results clarify the biological role of the α-amylase and provide additional methods for the directed genetic manipulation of the S. solfataricus genome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)482-488
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Volume185
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2003

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Sulfolobus solfataricus
Archaea
Amylases
Genes
Starch
Carbon
Catabolite Repression
Insertional Mutagenesis
Enzyme Assays
Growth
Glycogen
DNA Sequence Analysis
Anti-Idiotypic Antibodies
Mass Spectrometry
Proteins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology

Cite this

Targeted disruption of the α-amylase gene in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. / Worthington, Penny; Hoang, Viet; Perez-Pomares, Francisco; Blum, Paul.

In: Journal of bacteriology, Vol. 185, No. 2, 01.2003, p. 482-488.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Worthington, Penny ; Hoang, Viet ; Perez-Pomares, Francisco ; Blum, Paul. / Targeted disruption of the α-amylase gene in the hyperthermophilic archaeon Sulfolobus solfataricus. In: Journal of bacteriology. 2003 ; Vol. 185, No. 2. pp. 482-488.
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