Tai Chi practitioners have better postural control and selective attention in stepping down with and without a concurrent auditory response task

Xi Lu, Joseph Ka-Chun Siu, Siu N. Fu, Christina W Y Hui-Chan, William W N Tsang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To compare the performance of older experienced Tai Chi practitioners and healthy controls in dual-task versus single-task paradigms, namely stepping down with and without performing an auditory response task, a cross-sectional study was conducted in the Center for East-meets-West in Rehabilitation Sciences at The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong. Twenty-eight Tai Chi practitioners (73.6 ± 4.2 years) and 30 healthy control subjects (72.4 ± 6.1 years) were recruited. Participants were asked to step down from a 19-cm-high platform and maintain a single-leg stance for 10 s with and without a concurrent cognitive task. The cognitive task was an auditory Stroop test in which the participants were required to respond to different tones of voices regardless of their word meanings. Postural stability after stepping down under single- and dual-task paradigms, in terms of excursion of the subject's center of pressure (COP) and cognitive performance, was measured for comparison between the two groups. Our findings demonstrated significant between-group differences in more outcome measures during dual-task than single-task performance. Thus, the auditory Stroop test showed that Tai Chi practitioners achieved not only significantly less error rate in single-task, but also significantly faster reaction time in dual-task, when compared with healthy controls similar in age and other relevant demographics. Similarly, the stepping-down task showed that Tai Chi practitioners not only displayed significantly less COP sway area in single-task, but also significantly less COP sway path than healthy controls in dual-task. These results showed that Tai Chi practitioners achieved better postural stability after stepping down as well as better performance in auditory response task than healthy controls. The improved performance that was magnified by dual motor-cognitive task performance may point to the benefits of Tai Chi being a mind-and-body exercise.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1939-1945
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Applied Physiology
Volume113
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2013

Fingerprint

Tai Ji
Stroop Test
Task Performance and Analysis
Hong Kong
Pressure
Reaction Time
Leg
Healthy Volunteers
Rehabilitation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Exercise

Keywords

  • Auditory Stroop test
  • Dual-task
  • Older adults
  • Postural stability
  • Stairs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Tai Chi practitioners have better postural control and selective attention in stepping down with and without a concurrent auditory response task. / Lu, Xi; Siu, Joseph Ka-Chun; Fu, Siu N.; Hui-Chan, Christina W Y; Tsang, William W N.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 113, No. 8, 01.08.2013, p. 1939-1945.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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