Survey of attitudes and behaviors toward alcohol and other drug use in allied health and physician assistant students

Jeffrey N. Baldwin, R. Ellen Davis-Hall, Edward M. DeSimone, David M. Scott, Sangeeta Agrawal, Thomas P. Reardon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Attitudes and behaviors toward alcohol and other drug (AOD) use were assessed among a subgroup of allied health (AH) and physician assistant (PA) students within two university-based health professions educational institutions in a midwestern state in 1999. AH/PA student response was 423 (77.5%); this included occupational therapy (n = 81; 60.4%), physical therapy [PT] (n = 222; 98.7%), PA (n = 68; 85.0%), and other AH programs (n = 52; 48.1%). In this AH/PA group, a family history of alcohol-related problems was reported by 40.1% and drug-related problems by 11.3%, with 42.5% of respondents reporting one or both. Such histories of family alcohol and drug problems were reported by 47.8% or 18.5% of PA students, respectively. Past-year alcohol, tobacco, and marijuana use were reported, respectively, by 88.1%, 26.1%, and 6.7%. The highest percentage use of marijuana was reported by PT stu-dents (9.0%). Past-year blackouts were reported by 21.9%, driving after three or more drinks or any drug use by 49.3%, attendance at class or work under the influence of AOD by 7.8%, patient care under the influence of AOD by 3.3%, lowered grades or job evaluations from AOD use by 5.0%, and AOD-related legal charges by 4.5%. "Heavy drinking" (defined as consumption of five or more drinks per occasion during the past 2 weeks) was reported by 33.2%. Inadequate AOD education was reported by 55.1%, with 63.6% of PT respondents so reporting. AH and PA educational systems should proactively address student AOD prevention, education, and assistance needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)156-161
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of allied health
Volume37
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008

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Physician Assistants
Alcohols
Students
Health
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Cannabis
Surveys and Questionnaires
Education
Health Occupations
Occupational Therapy
Tobacco Use
Drinking
Patient Care
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Baldwin, J. N., Davis-Hall, R. E., DeSimone, E. M., Scott, D. M., Agrawal, S., & Reardon, T. P. (2008). Survey of attitudes and behaviors toward alcohol and other drug use in allied health and physician assistant students. Journal of allied health, 37(3), 156-161.

Survey of attitudes and behaviors toward alcohol and other drug use in allied health and physician assistant students. / Baldwin, Jeffrey N.; Davis-Hall, R. Ellen; DeSimone, Edward M.; Scott, David M.; Agrawal, Sangeeta; Reardon, Thomas P.

In: Journal of allied health, Vol. 37, No. 3, 01.09.2008, p. 156-161.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Baldwin, JN, Davis-Hall, RE, DeSimone, EM, Scott, DM, Agrawal, S & Reardon, TP 2008, 'Survey of attitudes and behaviors toward alcohol and other drug use in allied health and physician assistant students', Journal of allied health, vol. 37, no. 3, pp. 156-161.
Baldwin JN, Davis-Hall RE, DeSimone EM, Scott DM, Agrawal S, Reardon TP. Survey of attitudes and behaviors toward alcohol and other drug use in allied health and physician assistant students. Journal of allied health. 2008 Sep 1;37(3):156-161.
Baldwin, Jeffrey N. ; Davis-Hall, R. Ellen ; DeSimone, Edward M. ; Scott, David M. ; Agrawal, Sangeeta ; Reardon, Thomas P. / Survey of attitudes and behaviors toward alcohol and other drug use in allied health and physician assistant students. In: Journal of allied health. 2008 ; Vol. 37, No. 3. pp. 156-161.
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