Surfactant protein D (SP-D) is a constituent of the innate immune system that plays a role in the host defense against lung pathogens and in modulating inflammatory responses. While SP-D has been detected in extrapulmonary tissues, little is known about its expression and function in the vasculature. Immunostaining of human coronary artery tissue sections demonstrated immunoreactive SP-D protein in smooth muscle cells (SMCs) and endothelial cells. SP-D was also detected in isolated human coronary artery SMCs (HCASMCs) by PCR and immunoblot analysis. Treatment of HCASMCs with endotoxin (LPS) stimulated the release of IL-8, a proinflammatory cytokine. This release was inhibited >70% by recombinant SP-D. Overexpression of SP-D by adenoviral-mediated gene transfer in HCASMCs inhibited both LPS-and TNF-α-induced IL-8 release. Overexpression of SP-D also enhanced uptake of Chlamydia pneumoniae elementary bodies into HCASMCs while attenuating IL-8 production induced by bacterial exposure. Both LPS and TNF-α increased SP-D mRNA levels by five-to eightfold in HCASMCs, suggesting that inflammatory mediators upregulate the expression of SP-D. In conclusion, SP-D is expressed in human coronary arteries and functions as an anti-inflammatory protein in HCASMCs. SP-D may also participate in the host defense against pathogens that invade the vascular wall.
- Chlamydia pneumoniae
- Innate immunity
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)