Superoxide dismutase ameliorates impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during chronic alcohol consumption

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Abstract

The goals of this study were to determine whether chronic alcohol consumption impairs nitric oxide synthase-dependent reactivity of the basilar artery and to determine a potential mechanism which might account for the effects of alcohol on the basilar artery. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 8 weeks. Using intravital microscopy, we measured the diameter of basilar artery in response to nitric oxide synthase-dependent agonists (acetylcholine and bradykinin) and a nitric oxide synthase-independent agonist (nitroglycerin). Topical application of acetylcholine (0.1 and 1 μM) and bradykinin (1 and 10 nM) produced dose-related dilatation of the basilar artery in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. However, the magnitude of vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin was significantly less in alcohol-fed rats compared to non-alcohol-fed rats. Dilatation of the basilar artery in response to nitroglycerin was similar in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Next, we examined whether impaired responses of the basilar artery in alcohol-fed rats in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin may be related to the production of oxygen radicals. We found that topical application of superoxide dismutase (150 U/ml) significantly improved impaired receptor-mediated nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of basilar artery in alcohol-fed rats. However, superoxide dismutase did not alter responses of the basilar artery to nitroglycerin in alcohol-fed rats, and did not alter responses of the basilar artery to nitric oxide synthase-dependent or -independent agonists in non-alcohol-fed rats. Our findings suggest that chronic consumption of alcohol impairs nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of a large cerebral artery which may be related to the receptor-mediated release of oxygen radicals to inactivate nitric oxide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)116-122
Number of pages7
JournalBrain Research
Volume891
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 9 2001

Fingerprint

Basilar Artery
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Alcohol Drinking
Superoxide Dismutase
Dilatation
Alcohols
Bradykinin
Nitroglycerin
Acetylcholine
Reactive Oxygen Species
Cholinergic Agonists
Cerebral Arteries
Vasodilation
Sprague Dawley Rats
Nitric Oxide
Diet

Keywords

  • Acetylcholine
  • Bradykinin
  • Brain
  • Intravital microscopy
  • Nitric oxide
  • Nitroglycerin
  • Oxygen radical
  • Reactivity
  • Superoxide anion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

Cite this

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title = "Superoxide dismutase ameliorates impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during chronic alcohol consumption",
abstract = "The goals of this study were to determine whether chronic alcohol consumption impairs nitric oxide synthase-dependent reactivity of the basilar artery and to determine a potential mechanism which might account for the effects of alcohol on the basilar artery. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 8 weeks. Using intravital microscopy, we measured the diameter of basilar artery in response to nitric oxide synthase-dependent agonists (acetylcholine and bradykinin) and a nitric oxide synthase-independent agonist (nitroglycerin). Topical application of acetylcholine (0.1 and 1 μM) and bradykinin (1 and 10 nM) produced dose-related dilatation of the basilar artery in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. However, the magnitude of vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin was significantly less in alcohol-fed rats compared to non-alcohol-fed rats. Dilatation of the basilar artery in response to nitroglycerin was similar in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Next, we examined whether impaired responses of the basilar artery in alcohol-fed rats in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin may be related to the production of oxygen radicals. We found that topical application of superoxide dismutase (150 U/ml) significantly improved impaired receptor-mediated nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of basilar artery in alcohol-fed rats. However, superoxide dismutase did not alter responses of the basilar artery to nitroglycerin in alcohol-fed rats, and did not alter responses of the basilar artery to nitric oxide synthase-dependent or -independent agonists in non-alcohol-fed rats. Our findings suggest that chronic consumption of alcohol impairs nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of a large cerebral artery which may be related to the receptor-mediated release of oxygen radicals to inactivate nitric oxide.",
keywords = "Acetylcholine, Bradykinin, Brain, Intravital microscopy, Nitric oxide, Nitroglycerin, Oxygen radical, Reactivity, Superoxide anion",
author = "Hong Sun and Mayhan, {William G.}",
year = "2001",
month = "2",
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doi = "10.1016/S0006-8993(00)03207-8",
language = "English (US)",
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T1 - Superoxide dismutase ameliorates impaired nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of the basilar artery during chronic alcohol consumption

AU - Sun, Hong

AU - Mayhan, William G.

PY - 2001/2/9

Y1 - 2001/2/9

N2 - The goals of this study were to determine whether chronic alcohol consumption impairs nitric oxide synthase-dependent reactivity of the basilar artery and to determine a potential mechanism which might account for the effects of alcohol on the basilar artery. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 8 weeks. Using intravital microscopy, we measured the diameter of basilar artery in response to nitric oxide synthase-dependent agonists (acetylcholine and bradykinin) and a nitric oxide synthase-independent agonist (nitroglycerin). Topical application of acetylcholine (0.1 and 1 μM) and bradykinin (1 and 10 nM) produced dose-related dilatation of the basilar artery in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. However, the magnitude of vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin was significantly less in alcohol-fed rats compared to non-alcohol-fed rats. Dilatation of the basilar artery in response to nitroglycerin was similar in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Next, we examined whether impaired responses of the basilar artery in alcohol-fed rats in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin may be related to the production of oxygen radicals. We found that topical application of superoxide dismutase (150 U/ml) significantly improved impaired receptor-mediated nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of basilar artery in alcohol-fed rats. However, superoxide dismutase did not alter responses of the basilar artery to nitroglycerin in alcohol-fed rats, and did not alter responses of the basilar artery to nitric oxide synthase-dependent or -independent agonists in non-alcohol-fed rats. Our findings suggest that chronic consumption of alcohol impairs nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of a large cerebral artery which may be related to the receptor-mediated release of oxygen radicals to inactivate nitric oxide.

AB - The goals of this study were to determine whether chronic alcohol consumption impairs nitric oxide synthase-dependent reactivity of the basilar artery and to determine a potential mechanism which might account for the effects of alcohol on the basilar artery. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed liquid diets with or without alcohol for 8 weeks. Using intravital microscopy, we measured the diameter of basilar artery in response to nitric oxide synthase-dependent agonists (acetylcholine and bradykinin) and a nitric oxide synthase-independent agonist (nitroglycerin). Topical application of acetylcholine (0.1 and 1 μM) and bradykinin (1 and 10 nM) produced dose-related dilatation of the basilar artery in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. However, the magnitude of vasodilatation in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin was significantly less in alcohol-fed rats compared to non-alcohol-fed rats. Dilatation of the basilar artery in response to nitroglycerin was similar in non-alcohol-fed and alcohol-fed rats. Next, we examined whether impaired responses of the basilar artery in alcohol-fed rats in response to acetylcholine and bradykinin may be related to the production of oxygen radicals. We found that topical application of superoxide dismutase (150 U/ml) significantly improved impaired receptor-mediated nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of basilar artery in alcohol-fed rats. However, superoxide dismutase did not alter responses of the basilar artery to nitroglycerin in alcohol-fed rats, and did not alter responses of the basilar artery to nitric oxide synthase-dependent or -independent agonists in non-alcohol-fed rats. Our findings suggest that chronic consumption of alcohol impairs nitric oxide synthase-dependent dilatation of a large cerebral artery which may be related to the receptor-mediated release of oxygen radicals to inactivate nitric oxide.

KW - Acetylcholine

KW - Bradykinin

KW - Brain

KW - Intravital microscopy

KW - Nitric oxide

KW - Nitroglycerin

KW - Oxygen radical

KW - Reactivity

KW - Superoxide anion

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U2 - 10.1016/S0006-8993(00)03207-8

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JO - Brain Research

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