Superhydrophobic metallic surfaces functionalized via femtosecond laser surface processing for long term air film retention when submerged in liquid

Craig A. Zuhlke, Troy P. Anderson, Pengbo Li, Michael J. Lucis, Nick Roth, Jeffrey E. Shield, Benjamin Terry, Dennis R. Alexander

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) is a powerful technique used to create self-organized microstructures with nanoscale features on metallic surfaces. By combining FLSP surface texturing with surface chemistry changes, either induced by the femtosecond laser during processing or introduced through post processing techniques, the wetting properties of metals can be altered. In this work, FLSP is demonstrated as a technique to create superhydrophobic surfaces on grade 2 titanium and 304 stainless steel that can retain an air film (plastron) between the surface and a surrounding liquid when completely submerged. It is shown that the plastron lifetime when submerged in distilled water or synthetic stomach acid is critically dependent on the specific degree of surface micro- and nano-roughness, which can be tuned by controlling various FLSP parameters. The longest plastron lifetime was on a 304 stainless steel sample that was submerged in distilled water and maintained a plastron for 41 days, the length of time of the study, with no signs of degradation. Also demonstrated for the first time is the precise control of pulse fluence and pulse count to produce three unique classes of surface micron/nano-structuring on titanium.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationLaser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX
EditorsUdo Klotzbach, Kunihiko Washio, Craig B. Arnold
PublisherSPIE
ISBN (Electronic)9781628414417
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015
EventLaser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX - San Francisco, United States
Duration: Feb 10 2015Feb 12 2015

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume9351
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X

Other

OtherLaser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX
CountryUnited States
CitySan Francisco
Period2/10/152/12/15

Fingerprint

Femtosecond Laser
Ultrashort pulses
Liquid
air
Liquids
Term
liquids
Processing
Air
lasers
Stainless Steel
Titanium
Roughness
Stainless steel
stainless steels
Lifetime
Surface roughness
roughness
titanium
Laser Processing

Keywords

  • Femtosecond laser
  • Laser microstructuring
  • Plastron
  • Superhydrophobic
  • Ultrashort laser
  • Wetting properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Zuhlke, C. A., Anderson, T. P., Li, P., Lucis, M. J., Roth, N., Shield, J. E., ... Alexander, D. R. (2015). Superhydrophobic metallic surfaces functionalized via femtosecond laser surface processing for long term air film retention when submerged in liquid. In U. Klotzbach, K. Washio, & C. B. Arnold (Eds.), Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX [93510J] (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9351). SPIE. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2079164

Superhydrophobic metallic surfaces functionalized via femtosecond laser surface processing for long term air film retention when submerged in liquid. / Zuhlke, Craig A.; Anderson, Troy P.; Li, Pengbo; Lucis, Michael J.; Roth, Nick; Shield, Jeffrey E.; Terry, Benjamin; Alexander, Dennis R.

Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX. ed. / Udo Klotzbach; Kunihiko Washio; Craig B. Arnold. SPIE, 2015. 93510J (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering; Vol. 9351).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Zuhlke, CA, Anderson, TP, Li, P, Lucis, MJ, Roth, N, Shield, JE, Terry, B & Alexander, DR 2015, Superhydrophobic metallic surfaces functionalized via femtosecond laser surface processing for long term air film retention when submerged in liquid. in U Klotzbach, K Washio & CB Arnold (eds), Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX., 93510J, Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, vol. 9351, SPIE, Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX, San Francisco, United States, 2/10/15. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2079164
Zuhlke CA, Anderson TP, Li P, Lucis MJ, Roth N, Shield JE et al. Superhydrophobic metallic surfaces functionalized via femtosecond laser surface processing for long term air film retention when submerged in liquid. In Klotzbach U, Washio K, Arnold CB, editors, Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX. SPIE. 2015. 93510J. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering). https://doi.org/10.1117/12.2079164
Zuhlke, Craig A. ; Anderson, Troy P. ; Li, Pengbo ; Lucis, Michael J. ; Roth, Nick ; Shield, Jeffrey E. ; Terry, Benjamin ; Alexander, Dennis R. / Superhydrophobic metallic surfaces functionalized via femtosecond laser surface processing for long term air film retention when submerged in liquid. Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX. editor / Udo Klotzbach ; Kunihiko Washio ; Craig B. Arnold. SPIE, 2015. (Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering).
@inproceedings{3089adf8cb3d45ec91fa398e2424e9cb,
title = "Superhydrophobic metallic surfaces functionalized via femtosecond laser surface processing for long term air film retention when submerged in liquid",
abstract = "Femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) is a powerful technique used to create self-organized microstructures with nanoscale features on metallic surfaces. By combining FLSP surface texturing with surface chemistry changes, either induced by the femtosecond laser during processing or introduced through post processing techniques, the wetting properties of metals can be altered. In this work, FLSP is demonstrated as a technique to create superhydrophobic surfaces on grade 2 titanium and 304 stainless steel that can retain an air film (plastron) between the surface and a surrounding liquid when completely submerged. It is shown that the plastron lifetime when submerged in distilled water or synthetic stomach acid is critically dependent on the specific degree of surface micro- and nano-roughness, which can be tuned by controlling various FLSP parameters. The longest plastron lifetime was on a 304 stainless steel sample that was submerged in distilled water and maintained a plastron for 41 days, the length of time of the study, with no signs of degradation. Also demonstrated for the first time is the precise control of pulse fluence and pulse count to produce three unique classes of surface micron/nano-structuring on titanium.",
keywords = "Femtosecond laser, Laser microstructuring, Plastron, Superhydrophobic, Ultrashort laser, Wetting properties",
author = "Zuhlke, {Craig A.} and Anderson, {Troy P.} and Pengbo Li and Lucis, {Michael J.} and Nick Roth and Shield, {Jeffrey E.} and Benjamin Terry and Alexander, {Dennis R.}",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1117/12.2079164",
language = "English (US)",
series = "Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering",
publisher = "SPIE",
editor = "Udo Klotzbach and Kunihiko Washio and Arnold, {Craig B.}",
booktitle = "Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Superhydrophobic metallic surfaces functionalized via femtosecond laser surface processing for long term air film retention when submerged in liquid

AU - Zuhlke, Craig A.

AU - Anderson, Troy P.

AU - Li, Pengbo

AU - Lucis, Michael J.

AU - Roth, Nick

AU - Shield, Jeffrey E.

AU - Terry, Benjamin

AU - Alexander, Dennis R.

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - Femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) is a powerful technique used to create self-organized microstructures with nanoscale features on metallic surfaces. By combining FLSP surface texturing with surface chemistry changes, either induced by the femtosecond laser during processing or introduced through post processing techniques, the wetting properties of metals can be altered. In this work, FLSP is demonstrated as a technique to create superhydrophobic surfaces on grade 2 titanium and 304 stainless steel that can retain an air film (plastron) between the surface and a surrounding liquid when completely submerged. It is shown that the plastron lifetime when submerged in distilled water or synthetic stomach acid is critically dependent on the specific degree of surface micro- and nano-roughness, which can be tuned by controlling various FLSP parameters. The longest plastron lifetime was on a 304 stainless steel sample that was submerged in distilled water and maintained a plastron for 41 days, the length of time of the study, with no signs of degradation. Also demonstrated for the first time is the precise control of pulse fluence and pulse count to produce three unique classes of surface micron/nano-structuring on titanium.

AB - Femtosecond laser surface processing (FLSP) is a powerful technique used to create self-organized microstructures with nanoscale features on metallic surfaces. By combining FLSP surface texturing with surface chemistry changes, either induced by the femtosecond laser during processing or introduced through post processing techniques, the wetting properties of metals can be altered. In this work, FLSP is demonstrated as a technique to create superhydrophobic surfaces on grade 2 titanium and 304 stainless steel that can retain an air film (plastron) between the surface and a surrounding liquid when completely submerged. It is shown that the plastron lifetime when submerged in distilled water or synthetic stomach acid is critically dependent on the specific degree of surface micro- and nano-roughness, which can be tuned by controlling various FLSP parameters. The longest plastron lifetime was on a 304 stainless steel sample that was submerged in distilled water and maintained a plastron for 41 days, the length of time of the study, with no signs of degradation. Also demonstrated for the first time is the precise control of pulse fluence and pulse count to produce three unique classes of surface micron/nano-structuring on titanium.

KW - Femtosecond laser

KW - Laser microstructuring

KW - Plastron

KW - Superhydrophobic

KW - Ultrashort laser

KW - Wetting properties

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84930012624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84930012624&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1117/12.2079164

DO - 10.1117/12.2079164

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:84930012624

T3 - Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering

BT - Laser-Based Micro- and Nanoprocessing IX

A2 - Klotzbach, Udo

A2 - Washio, Kunihiko

A2 - Arnold, Craig B.

PB - SPIE

ER -