Stochastic resonance in temporal processing by cochlear implant listeners?

Monita Chatterjee, Mark E. Robert

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cochlear implants (CI) provide speech information to the hearing-impaired by transmitting temporal information from specific frequency bands to corresponding regions of the tonotopically organized auditory system via electrical stimulation. We are interested in the role of applied noise in temporal coding by CI listeners. We measured sensitivity to sinusoidal amplitude modulation in adult users of the Nucleus-22 cochlear implant. The carrier was a train of current pulses presented at various amplitudes within the subject's dynamic range, driving a single electrode pair in the middle of the implanted electrode array. Consistent with previous findings, modulation sensitivity in CI listeners was positively related to carrier level. Introducing uniformly distributed, pseudorandom noise into the carrier envelope produced level-dependent effects. At high levels, modulation sensitivity decreased with increasing noise. At less sensitive low carrier levels, modulation sensitivity showed a stochastic resonance (SR) signature with increasing noise, displaying maximum sensitivity at an optimal noise level. This finding was also consistent with previous work. In a new experiment, we tested two new ways of degrading modulation sensitivity without changing carrier level: i) by increasing modulation frequency and ii) by introducing a concurrent, fluctuating masker on another channel. Under each of these two conditions, our results show that increasing noise in the signal carrier envelope improved sensitivity in a manner consistent with SR. These results suggest that conditions that weaken modulation sensitivity strengthen the potential for SR. We speculate that the effect arises at a relatively central stage of temporal processing in the auditory system.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)348-355
Number of pages8
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Volume5110
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 19 2003
EventFluctuations and Noise in Biological, Biophysical, and Biomedical Systems - Santa Fe, NM, United States
Duration: Jun 2 2003Jun 4 2003

Fingerprint

Cochlear implants
Implant
Stochastic Resonance
Modulation
sensitivity
Processing
modulation
Electrodes
Amplitude modulation
Envelope
Electrode
Audition
Frequency modulation
envelopes
Frequency bands
Amplitude Modulation
Frequency Modulation
Dynamic Range
hearing
stimulation

Keywords

  • Auditory system
  • Cochlear implants
  • Modulation
  • Noise
  • Stochastic resonance
  • Temporal processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

Cite this

Stochastic resonance in temporal processing by cochlear implant listeners? / Chatterjee, Monita; Robert, Mark E.

In: Proceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering, Vol. 5110, 19.09.2003, p. 348-355.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

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