Stimulus fading and differential reinforcement for the treatment of needle phobia in a youth with Autism

Daniel B. Shabani, Wayne W Fisher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Scopus citations


Stimulus fading in the form of gradually increased exposure to a fear-evoking stimulus, often combined with differential reinforcement, has been used to treat phobias in children who are otherwise normal and in children with autism. In this investigation, we applied stimulus fading plus differential reinforcement with an adolescent with autism and diabetes whose needle phobia had prevented medical monitoring of his blood glucose levels for over 2 years. Results showed that the treatment was successful in obtaining daily blood samples for measuring glucose levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)449-452
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of applied behavior analysis
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 2006



  • Autism
  • Diabetes
  • Fading
  • Medical non-compliance
  • Needle phobia
  • Systematic desensitization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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