Stable isotope-coded quaternization for comparative quantification of estrogen metabolites by high-performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization mass spectrometry

Wen Chu Yang, Fred E. Regnier, Dan Sliva, Jiri Adamec

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43 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A fast and sensitive LC-ESI-MS method is described for the comparative quantification of 16 estrogen metabolites based on the derivatization of estrogens with a novel derivatizing reagent, N-methyl-nicotinic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (C1-NA-NHS). The process introduces a quaternary amine to the analytes, making the analytes permanently charged regardless of the pH of the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) mobile phase. This quaternization resulted in a highly efficient separation of 16 estrogen metabolites in 7 min at a detection level below 1 ng/mL. By using a deuterated derivatizing reagent (C1-d3-NA-NHS), a complete set of deuterated standards was utilized and used as internal standards in a comparative quantification and recovery study, demonstrating acceptable results over a wide concentration range. A pooled breast cancer serum sample was analyzed using the described method, and 15 estrogens were detected in the range of 80-530 pg/mL.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)233-240
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chromatography B: Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume870
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2008

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Electrospray ionization
Electrospray Ionization Mass Spectrometry
High performance liquid chromatography
Metabolites
Isotopes
Mass spectrometry
Estrogens
High Pressure Liquid Chromatography
Niacin
Amines
Esters
Breast Neoplasms
Recovery
Serum

Keywords

  • Estrogen
  • HPLC
  • Mass spectrometry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "A fast and sensitive LC-ESI-MS method is described for the comparative quantification of 16 estrogen metabolites based on the derivatization of estrogens with a novel derivatizing reagent, N-methyl-nicotinic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (C1-NA-NHS). The process introduces a quaternary amine to the analytes, making the analytes permanently charged regardless of the pH of the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) mobile phase. This quaternization resulted in a highly efficient separation of 16 estrogen metabolites in 7 min at a detection level below 1 ng/mL. By using a deuterated derivatizing reagent (C1-d3-NA-NHS), a complete set of deuterated standards was utilized and used as internal standards in a comparative quantification and recovery study, demonstrating acceptable results over a wide concentration range. A pooled breast cancer serum sample was analyzed using the described method, and 15 estrogens were detected in the range of 80-530 pg/mL.",
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AU - Yang, Wen Chu

AU - Regnier, Fred E.

AU - Sliva, Dan

AU - Adamec, Jiri

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N2 - A fast and sensitive LC-ESI-MS method is described for the comparative quantification of 16 estrogen metabolites based on the derivatization of estrogens with a novel derivatizing reagent, N-methyl-nicotinic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (C1-NA-NHS). The process introduces a quaternary amine to the analytes, making the analytes permanently charged regardless of the pH of the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) mobile phase. This quaternization resulted in a highly efficient separation of 16 estrogen metabolites in 7 min at a detection level below 1 ng/mL. By using a deuterated derivatizing reagent (C1-d3-NA-NHS), a complete set of deuterated standards was utilized and used as internal standards in a comparative quantification and recovery study, demonstrating acceptable results over a wide concentration range. A pooled breast cancer serum sample was analyzed using the described method, and 15 estrogens were detected in the range of 80-530 pg/mL.

AB - A fast and sensitive LC-ESI-MS method is described for the comparative quantification of 16 estrogen metabolites based on the derivatization of estrogens with a novel derivatizing reagent, N-methyl-nicotinic acid N-hydroxysuccinimide ester (C1-NA-NHS). The process introduces a quaternary amine to the analytes, making the analytes permanently charged regardless of the pH of the high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) mobile phase. This quaternization resulted in a highly efficient separation of 16 estrogen metabolites in 7 min at a detection level below 1 ng/mL. By using a deuterated derivatizing reagent (C1-d3-NA-NHS), a complete set of deuterated standards was utilized and used as internal standards in a comparative quantification and recovery study, demonstrating acceptable results over a wide concentration range. A pooled breast cancer serum sample was analyzed using the described method, and 15 estrogens were detected in the range of 80-530 pg/mL.

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