Stability of amoxicillin trihydrate-potassium clavulanate in original containers and unit dose oral syringes

Y. H. Tu, M. L. Stiles, L. V. Allen, K. M. Olsen, C. I. Barton, R. B. Greenwood

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Abstract

The stability of reconstituted amoxicillin trihydrate-potassium clavulanate oral suspension both in original containers and pre-packaged in commercially available oral syringes stored at various temperatures was determined. Amoxicillin trihydrate 125 mg/5 mL-potassium clavulanate 31.25 mg/5 mL and amoxicillin trihydrate 250 mg/5 mL-potassium clavulanate 62.5 mg/5 mL were reconstituted according to the manufacturer's instructions. The reconstituted suspensions in the original containers and in five brands of oral syringes were stored at 5°C and 25°C and -10°C, 5°C, and 25°C respectively, for 0, 2, 4, 7, and 14 days. The concentrations of amoxicillin trihydrate and potassium clavulanate remaining after storage were assayed in triplicate by reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, using a stability-indicating method. An F statistic was calculated to determine whether different syringe brands had significantly different effects on drug stability. Amoxicillin trihydrate was stable for at least 10 days in the original containers and all types of oral syringes at 5°C. However, potassium clavulanate was stable for 11.1 days in original containers and less than 5 days in all types of oral syringes at 5°C. The effect of syringe brand on the stability of drugs over time at specific storage conditions and temperature was significant for potassium clavulanate at 5°C and for both amoxicillin trihydrate and potassium clavulanate at 25°C. The manufacturer's guidelines for storage of reconstituted amoxicillin trihydrate-potassium clavulanate oral suspension in the original containers should not be applied to dosages repackaged in unit dose oral syringes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1092-1099
Number of pages8
JournalAmerican Journal of Hospital Pharmacy
Volume45
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1988

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Pharmaceutical Science

Cite this

Tu, Y. H., Stiles, M. L., Allen, L. V., Olsen, K. M., Barton, C. I., & Greenwood, R. B. (1988). Stability of amoxicillin trihydrate-potassium clavulanate in original containers and unit dose oral syringes. American Journal of Hospital Pharmacy, 45(5), 1092-1099.