### Abstract

Formal concept analysis and probability logic are two useful tools for data analysis. Data is usually represented as a two-dimensional context of objects and features. FCA discovers dependencies within the data based on the relation among objects and features. On the other hand, the probability logic represents and reasons with both statistical and propositional probability among data. We propose SPICE - Symbolic integration of Probability Inference and Concept Extraction, which provides a more flexible and robust framework for data mining tasks. Within SPICE, we formalize the important notions of data mining, such as concepts and patterns, and develop new notions such as maximal potentially useful patterns. In this paper, we formalize the association rule mining in SPICE and propose an enhanced rule mining approach, called SPICE association rule mining, to solve the problem of time inefficiency and rule redundancy in general association rule mining. We show an application of the SPICE approach in the Geo-spatial Decision Support System (GDSS). The experimental results show that SPICE can efficiently and effectively discover a succinct set of interesting association rules.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 467-485 |

Number of pages | 19 |

Journal | Fundamenta Informaticae |

Volume | 78 |

Issue number | 4 |

Publication status | Published - Sep 18 2007 |

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### Keywords

- Association rules
- Data mining
- FCA
- Important items
- Probability logic
- Redundant rules

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Theoretical Computer Science
- Algebra and Number Theory
- Information Systems
- Computational Theory and Mathematics

### Cite this

*Fundamenta Informaticae*,

*78*(4), 467-485.