Speech production: Adult

S. M. Barlow, S. Stumm

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The adaptive performance anatomy subserving adult human speech represents an anatomically and neurophysiologically diverse collection of tissue-muscle subsystems capable of valving and channeling the breath stream at regulated pressure levels for speech production. Complex relations in the dynamics underlying movement exist between articulators during speech production. Traumatic injury or progressive disease to brain structures involved in the selection, sequencing, and activation of orofacial, pharyngeal, laryngeal, and chest wall muscles may degrade speech kinematics and reduce intelligibility. In this article, theoretical and methodological issues pertinent to the relation between brain and speech motor behavior are highlighted from studies which use functional neuroimaging and computational modeling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Neuroscience
PublisherElsevier Ltd
Pages247-254
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9780080450469
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2009

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Coordination
  • Functional neuroimaging
  • Phonetics and articulation
  • Speech motor control
  • Speech physiology
  • Stiffness
  • Velocity scaling
  • Vocal tract

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Barlow, S. M., & Stumm, S. (2009). Speech production: Adult. In Encyclopedia of Neuroscience (pp. 247-254). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-008045046-9.01891-X