Spatial and temporal dynamics of two alternatively spliced regulatory factors, lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF/p75) and p52, in the nucleus

Yuji Nishizawa, Jiro Usukura, Dhirendra P. Singh, Leo T. Chylack, Toshimichi Shinohara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

66 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Regulatory factors, lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF)/p75 and p52, are generated from a single LEDGF gene by alternative splicing. They have identical amino acid residues between positions 1-325, but 205 and 8 of the remaining residues are different in LEDGF and p52, respectively. LEDGF promotes growth and survival of many cell types. It has an antiapoptotic function and is a weak general transcriptional co-activator. p52 is a transcriptional activator and an essential splicing factor. We investigated the spatial and temporal dynamics of LEDGF/p75 and p52, each being tagged with a fluorescent protein, during the cell cycles of CHO-K1, MCDK, and NRK cells in culture. Both LEDGF/p75 and p52 were localized predominantly in the nucleus. LEDGF/p75 was distributed diffusely in the nucleoplasm in the G1-phase and attached to chromatin heterogeneously during the G2 and M-phases of cells. In contrast, p52 was localized in the nuclear periphery during the G1-phase and formed a speckle pattern at the S-phase. It formed a cylindrical pattern around the chromosomes during the M-phases of cells. LEDGF and p52 on sister chromatids migrated into daughter cells. Thus, LEDGF/p75 and p52 are localized in distinct nuclear compartments where they can activate transcription or splicing of pre-mRNAs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalCell and Tissue Research
Volume305
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 7 2001

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G1 Phase
Cell Division
Cells
lens epithelium-derived growth factor
Cell Cycle Proteins
Chromatids
G2 Phase
RNA Precursors
Alternative Splicing
Transcription
Chromosomes
Speckle
S Phase
Chromatin
Cell Survival
Cell Culture Techniques
Genes
Amino Acids
Growth
Proteins

Keywords

  • Cell culture
  • Cell cycle
  • LEDGF/p75
  • Nuclear compartmentalization
  • Transcription factors
  • p52

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Spatial and temporal dynamics of two alternatively spliced regulatory factors, lens epithelium-derived growth factor (LEDGF/p75) and p52, in the nucleus. / Nishizawa, Yuji; Usukura, Jiro; Singh, Dhirendra P.; Chylack, Leo T.; Shinohara, Toshimichi.

In: Cell and Tissue Research, Vol. 305, No. 1, 07.08.2001, p. 107-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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