Social withdrawal in Russian youth: Using the Extended Class Play to examine socio-emotional and academic adjustment

Irina N. Kalutskaya, Eric S. Buhs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations


This study explored the socio-emotional characteristics and school adjustment of shy/socially withdrawn youth and examined the properties of the Extended Class Play (ECP), a common peer measure of shyness/withdrawal and other social behaviour with Russian early adolescents (n = 106; mean age 12.5). Associations between the ECP scores and teacher- and self-reports of adjustment (e.g. internalising problems) provided evidence supporting use of the ECP with Russian adolescents. Similar to North American studies, results also indicated that shy/socially withdrawn Russian youth tended to be more excluded, report greater internalising problems and were also more asocial than a comparison group. No differences were found between shy/socially withdrawn and non-withdrawn adolescents in victimisation/exclusion and academic performance. The discussion emphasises the need for further examination of potential role of teacher-directed social interactions and classroom norms across the cultural contexts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)485-500
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Adolescence and Youth
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2 2015



  • Russian adolescents
  • exclusion
  • internalising problems
  • shyness
  • social withdrawal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)

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