Social support and psychosocial well-being among low-income, adolescent, African American, first-time mothers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: The aims of this study are to describe for single, low-income, adolescent, African American new mothers how (1) primary sources of social support changed over time, (2) the level of social support (emotional, informational, tangible, and problematic) from these primary sources changed over time, and (3) social support from the primary supporter was associated with mothers' psychosocial well-being (self-esteem and loneliness) over time. Design: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from a previous social support intervention study. Sample: The sample consisted of 35 single, low-income, adolescent (mean [SD] age, 18.3 [1.7] years), African American new mothers. Methods: Mothers completed social support, self-esteem, and loneliness instruments at 1 and 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months postpartum. Results: Most mothers (64.7%) had changes in their primary social support provider during the first 6 months postpartum. The combination of the adolescent's mother and boyfriend provided the highest level of support, no matter the type, relative to any other source of support. At every time point, positive correlations were found between emotional support and self-esteem and between problematic support and loneliness. Conclusion: Single, low-income, African American, adolescent new mothers are at risk for not having a consistent source of support, which may lead to lower self-esteem and greater loneliness. Implications: Clinical nurse specialists could facilitate care guidelines for these new mothers to identify their sources of support at each home visit and advocate for the adolescent's mother and boyfriend to work together to provide support. Bolstering the mothers' natural sources of support can potentially improve self-esteem and reduce loneliness. Improvement in these sources of support could prevent a decline in the mothers' psychosocial well-being. Development and testing support interventions are advocated; findings could guide clinical nurse specialists in addressing these new mothers' needs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)150-158
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Nurse Specialist
Volume30
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2016

Fingerprint

Social Support
African Americans
Mothers
Loneliness
Self Concept
Nurse Clinicians
Postpartum Period
House Calls
Guidelines

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • African American
  • Loneliness
  • Mothers self-esteem
  • Social support

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management
  • Assessment and Diagnosis
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing
  • LPN and LVN

Cite this

@article{e4cba31357da45579ed1cc071780ee5d,
title = "Social support and psychosocial well-being among low-income, adolescent, African American, first-time mothers",
abstract = "Aims: The aims of this study are to describe for single, low-income, adolescent, African American new mothers how (1) primary sources of social support changed over time, (2) the level of social support (emotional, informational, tangible, and problematic) from these primary sources changed over time, and (3) social support from the primary supporter was associated with mothers' psychosocial well-being (self-esteem and loneliness) over time. Design: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from a previous social support intervention study. Sample: The sample consisted of 35 single, low-income, adolescent (mean [SD] age, 18.3 [1.7] years), African American new mothers. Methods: Mothers completed social support, self-esteem, and loneliness instruments at 1 and 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months postpartum. Results: Most mothers (64.7{\%}) had changes in their primary social support provider during the first 6 months postpartum. The combination of the adolescent's mother and boyfriend provided the highest level of support, no matter the type, relative to any other source of support. At every time point, positive correlations were found between emotional support and self-esteem and between problematic support and loneliness. Conclusion: Single, low-income, African American, adolescent new mothers are at risk for not having a consistent source of support, which may lead to lower self-esteem and greater loneliness. Implications: Clinical nurse specialists could facilitate care guidelines for these new mothers to identify their sources of support at each home visit and advocate for the adolescent's mother and boyfriend to work together to provide support. Bolstering the mothers' natural sources of support can potentially improve self-esteem and reduce loneliness. Improvement in these sources of support could prevent a decline in the mothers' psychosocial well-being. Development and testing support interventions are advocated; findings could guide clinical nurse specialists in addressing these new mothers' needs.",
keywords = "Adolescent, African American, Loneliness, Mothers self-esteem, Social support",
author = "Hudson, {Diane Brage} and Campbell-Grossman, {Christie Kay} and Kupzyk, {Kevin A} and Brown, {Sara E} and Yates, {Bernice C.} and Hanna, {Kathleen M}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/NUR.0000000000000202",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "30",
pages = "150--158",
journal = "Clinical Nurse Specialist",
issn = "0887-6274",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Social support and psychosocial well-being among low-income, adolescent, African American, first-time mothers

AU - Hudson, Diane Brage

AU - Campbell-Grossman, Christie Kay

AU - Kupzyk, Kevin A

AU - Brown, Sara E

AU - Yates, Bernice C.

AU - Hanna, Kathleen M

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Aims: The aims of this study are to describe for single, low-income, adolescent, African American new mothers how (1) primary sources of social support changed over time, (2) the level of social support (emotional, informational, tangible, and problematic) from these primary sources changed over time, and (3) social support from the primary supporter was associated with mothers' psychosocial well-being (self-esteem and loneliness) over time. Design: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from a previous social support intervention study. Sample: The sample consisted of 35 single, low-income, adolescent (mean [SD] age, 18.3 [1.7] years), African American new mothers. Methods: Mothers completed social support, self-esteem, and loneliness instruments at 1 and 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months postpartum. Results: Most mothers (64.7%) had changes in their primary social support provider during the first 6 months postpartum. The combination of the adolescent's mother and boyfriend provided the highest level of support, no matter the type, relative to any other source of support. At every time point, positive correlations were found between emotional support and self-esteem and between problematic support and loneliness. Conclusion: Single, low-income, African American, adolescent new mothers are at risk for not having a consistent source of support, which may lead to lower self-esteem and greater loneliness. Implications: Clinical nurse specialists could facilitate care guidelines for these new mothers to identify their sources of support at each home visit and advocate for the adolescent's mother and boyfriend to work together to provide support. Bolstering the mothers' natural sources of support can potentially improve self-esteem and reduce loneliness. Improvement in these sources of support could prevent a decline in the mothers' psychosocial well-being. Development and testing support interventions are advocated; findings could guide clinical nurse specialists in addressing these new mothers' needs.

AB - Aims: The aims of this study are to describe for single, low-income, adolescent, African American new mothers how (1) primary sources of social support changed over time, (2) the level of social support (emotional, informational, tangible, and problematic) from these primary sources changed over time, and (3) social support from the primary supporter was associated with mothers' psychosocial well-being (self-esteem and loneliness) over time. Design: A secondary analysis was conducted of data from a previous social support intervention study. Sample: The sample consisted of 35 single, low-income, adolescent (mean [SD] age, 18.3 [1.7] years), African American new mothers. Methods: Mothers completed social support, self-esteem, and loneliness instruments at 1 and 6 weeks and 3 and 6 months postpartum. Results: Most mothers (64.7%) had changes in their primary social support provider during the first 6 months postpartum. The combination of the adolescent's mother and boyfriend provided the highest level of support, no matter the type, relative to any other source of support. At every time point, positive correlations were found between emotional support and self-esteem and between problematic support and loneliness. Conclusion: Single, low-income, African American, adolescent new mothers are at risk for not having a consistent source of support, which may lead to lower self-esteem and greater loneliness. Implications: Clinical nurse specialists could facilitate care guidelines for these new mothers to identify their sources of support at each home visit and advocate for the adolescent's mother and boyfriend to work together to provide support. Bolstering the mothers' natural sources of support can potentially improve self-esteem and reduce loneliness. Improvement in these sources of support could prevent a decline in the mothers' psychosocial well-being. Development and testing support interventions are advocated; findings could guide clinical nurse specialists in addressing these new mothers' needs.

KW - Adolescent

KW - African American

KW - Loneliness

KW - Mothers self-esteem

KW - Social support

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84963553857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84963553857&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/NUR.0000000000000202

DO - 10.1097/NUR.0000000000000202

M3 - Article

C2 - 27055037

AN - SCOPUS:84963553857

VL - 30

SP - 150

EP - 158

JO - Clinical Nurse Specialist

JF - Clinical Nurse Specialist

SN - 0887-6274

IS - 3

ER -